ASTM B111 / B111M - 16

    Standard Specification for Copper and Copper-Alloy Seamless Condenser Tubes and Ferrule Stock

    Active Standard ASTM B111 / B111M | Developed by Subcommittee: B05.04

    Book of Standards Volume: 02.01


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    Abstract

    This specification establishes the requirements for seamless tube and ferrule stock of copper and various copper alloys of a specified range of diameters, for use in surface condensers, evaporators, and heat exchangers. The specified coppers and copper alloys are UNS No. C10100, C10200, C10300, C10800, C12000, C12200, C14200, C19200, C23000, C28000, C44300, C44400, C44500, C60800, C61300, C61400, C68700, C70400, C70600, C70620, C71000, C71500, C71520, C71640, and C72200. The product shall be produced by processes such as casting, extrusion, drawing, annealing, straightening, trimming, and other processes which may produce a seamless tube in the specified condition. The coppers and copper alloys shall be specifically furnished in any one of the following tempers: annealed, light-drawn, hard-drawn, or hard drawn and end annealed. Tubes for ferrule stock shall be annealed sufficiently to be fully crystallized. Some tubes are suggested to be subjected to a stress-relieving thermal treatment subsequent to straightening. The products shall be subjected to expansion, flattening, and residual stress tests. The tensile and expansion requirements for the products are specified in accordance with the temper designation. The products shall also be subjected to mercurous nitrate, ammonia vapor, Eddy-current, hydrostatic, and pneumatic tests.

    This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification2 establishes the requirements for seamless tube and ferrule stock of copper and various copper alloys up to 31/8 in. [80 mm] inclusive, in diameter, for use in surface condensers, evaporators, and heat exchangers. The following coppers and copper alloys are specified:3

    Copper or Copper
    Alloy UNS No.

    Previously Used
    Designation

    Description

    C10100

    OFE

    Oxygen-free electronic

    C10200

    OFA

    Oxygen-free without residual deoxidants

    C10300

    . . .

    Oxygen-free, extra low phosphorus

    C10800

    . . .

    Oxygen-free, low phosphorus

    C12000

    DLPA

    Phosphorized, low residual phosphorus

    C12200

    DHPA

    Phosphorized, high residual phosphorus

    C14200

    DPAA

    Phosphorized, arsenical

    C19200

    . . .

    Phosphorized, 1 % iron

    C23000

    . . .

    Red Brass

    C28000

    . . .

    Muntz Metal

    C44300

    . . .

    Admiralty Metals, B, C, and D

    C44400

    . . .

    . . .

    C44500

    . . .

    . . .

    C60800

    . . .

    Aluminum Bronze

    C61300

    . . .

    . . .

    C61400

    . . .

    Aluminum Bronze, D

    C68700

    . . .

    Aluminum Brass, B

    C70400

    . . .

    95-5 Copper-Nickel

    C70600

    . . .

    90-10 Copper-Nickel

    C70620

    . . .

    90-10 Copper-Nickel—Welding Grade

    C71000

    . . .

    80-20 Copper-Nickel

    C71500

    . . .

    70-30 Copper-Nickel

    C71520

    . . .

    70-30 Copper-Nickel—Welding Grade

    C71640

    . . .

    Copper-nickel-iron-manganese

    C72200

    . . .

    . . .

    (A) Designations listed in Classification B224.

    1.2 Units—The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

    1.3 The following safety hazards caveat pertains only to the test methods portion, Section 19, of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. (Warning—Mercury has been designated by many regulatory agencies as a hazardous substance that can cause serious medical issues. Mercury, or its vapor, has been demonstrated to be hazardous to health and corrosive to materials. Caution should be taken when handling mercury and mercury containing products. See the applicable product Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for additional information. Users should be aware that selling mercury and/or mercury containing products in your state or country may be prohibited by law.)


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    B153 Test Method for Expansion (Pin Test) of Copper and Copper-Alloy Pipe and Tubing

    B154 Test Method for Mercurous Nitrate Test for Copper Alloys

    B170 Specification for Oxygen-Free Electrolytic Copper--Refinery Shapes

    B224 Classification of Coppers

    B846 Terminology for Copper and Copper Alloys

    B858 Test Method for Ammonia Vapor Test for Determining Susceptibility to Stress Corrosion Cracking in Copper Alloys

    E8 Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Materials

    E8M Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Materials [Metric]

    E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications

    E53 Test Method for Determination of Copper in Unalloyed Copper by Gravimetry

    E54 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Special Brasses and Bronzes

    E62 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Copper and Copper Alloys (Photometric Methods)

    E75 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Copper-Nickel and Copper-Nickel-Zinc Alloys

    E76 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Nickel-Copper Alloys

    E112 Test Methods for Determining Average Grain Size

    E243 Practice for Electromagnetic (Eddy-Current) Examination of Copper and Copper-Alloy Tubes

    E255 Practice for Sampling Copper and Copper Alloys for the Determination of Chemical Composition

    E478 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Copper Alloys

    E527 Practice for Numbering Metals and Alloys in the Unified Numbering System (UNS)


    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 40101802(Heat exchangers); 40182000(Seamless copper tubes)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/B0111_B0111M-16

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    Citation Format

    ASTM B111 / B111M-16, Standard Specification for Copper and Copper-Alloy Seamless Condenser Tubes and Ferrule Stock, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2016, www.astm.org

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