ASTM B111 / B111M - 11

    Standard Specification for Copper and Copper-Alloy Seamless Condenser Tubes and Ferrule Stock

    Active Standard ASTM B111 / B111M | Developed by Subcommittee: B05.04

    Book of Standards Volume: 02.01

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    This specification establishes the requirements for seamless tube and ferrule stock of copper and various copper alloys of a specified range of diameters, for use in surface condensers, evaporators, and heat exchangers. The specified coppers and copper alloys are UNS No. C10100, C10200, C10300, C10800, C12000, C12200, C14200, C19200, C23000, C28000, C44300, C44400, C44500, C60800, C61300, C61400, C68700, C70400, C70600, C70620, C71000, C71500, C71520, C71640, and C72200. The product shall be produced by processes such as casting, extrusion, drawing, annealing, straightening, trimming, and other processes which may produce a seamless tube in the specified condition. The coppers and copper alloys shall be specifically furnished in any one of the following tempers: annealed, light-drawn, hard-drawn, or hard drawn and end annealed. Tubes for ferrule stock shall be annealed sufficiently to be fully crystallized. Some tubes are suggested to be subjected to a stress-relieving thermal treatment subsequent to straightening. The products shall be subjected to expansion, flattening, and residual stress tests. The tensile and expansion requirements for the products are specified in accordance with the temper designation. The products shall also be subjected to mercurous nitrate, ammonia vapor, Eddy-current, hydrostatic, and pneumatic tests.

    This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification establishes the requirements for seamless tube and ferrule stock of copper and various copper alloys up to 31/8 in. [80 mm] inclusive, in diameter, for use in surface condensers, evaporators, and heat exchangers. The following coppers and copper alloys are specified: (WarningMercury is a definite health hazard in use and disposal. (See 12.1.))

    Copper or
    UNS No.
    C10100OFEOxygen-free electronic
    C10200OFAOxygen-free without residual deoxidants
    C10300. . .Oxygen-free, extra low phosphorus
    C10800. . .Oxygen-free, low phosphorus
    C12000DLPAPhosphorized, low residual phosphorus
    C12200DHPAPhosphorized, high residual phosphorus
    C14200DPAAPhosphorized, arsenical
    C19200. . .Phosphorized, 1 % iron
    C23000. . .Red Brass
    C28000. . .Muntz Metal
    C44300. . .Admiralty Metals, B, C, and D
    C60800 . . . Aluminum Bronze
    C61300. . .. . .
    C61400. . .Aluminum Bronze, D
    C68700. . .Aluminum Brass, B
    C70400. . .95-5 Copper-Nickel
    C70600. . .90-10 Copper-Nickel
    C70620. . .90-10 Copper-NickelWelding Grade
    C71000. . .80-20 Copper-Nickel
    C71500. . .70-30 Copper-Nickel
    C71520. . .70-30 Copper-NickelWelding Grade
    C71640. . .Copper-nickel-iron-manganese
    C72200. . .. . .

    A Designations listed in Classification B224.

    1.2 UnitsThe values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact    equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

    1.3 The following safety hazards caveat pertains only to the test methods portion, Section 19, of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    B153 Test Method for Expansion (Pin Test) of Copper and Copper-Alloy Pipe and Tubing

    B154 Test Method for Mercurous Nitrate Test for Copper Alloys

    B170 Specification for Oxygen-Free Electrolytic Copper--Refinery Shapes

    B224 Classification of Coppers

    B846 Terminology for Copper and Copper Alloys

    B858 Test Method for Ammonia Vapor Test for Determining Susceptibility to Stress Corrosion Cracking in Copper Alloys

    E8 Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Materials

    E8M Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Materials [Metric]

    E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications

    E53 Test Method for Determination of Copper in Unalloyed Copper by Gravimetry

    E54 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Special Brasses and Bronzes

    E62 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Copper and Copper Alloys (Photometric Methods)

    E75 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Copper-Nickel and Copper-Nickel-Zinc Alloys

    E76 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Nickel-Copper Alloys

    E112 Test Methods for Determining Average Grain Size

    E243 Practice for Electromagnetic (Eddy-Current) Examination of Copper and Copper-Alloy Tubes

    E255 Practice for Sampling Copper and Copper Alloys for the Determination of Chemical Composition

    E478 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Copper Alloys

    E527 Practice for Numbering Metals and Alloys in the Unified Numbering System (UNS)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 40101802(Heat exchangers); 40182000(Seamless copper tubes)

    DOI: 10.1520/B0111_B0111M-11

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