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This specification covers plate, rolled bar, sheet, and strip of copper-tin alloy (phosphor bronze plate), copper-tin-lead alloy (leaded phosphor bronze), and copper-tin-lead-zinc alloy (bearing bronze). Copper alloys covered include UNS Nos. C51000, C51100, C51180, C51900, C52100, C52180, C52400, C53400, and C54400. Product shall be manufactured by hot or cold working, rolling, and annealing. Chemical composition of the materials shall conform to UNS designation of the material. Product shall conform to chemical analysis, tensile strength and Rockwell hardness tests specified in the specification. Chemical composition testing shall be performed for each element, namely, copper, iron, lead, phosphorus, tin, and zinc. Tension test shall be made so that the longitudinal axis of the specimen is parallel to direction of rolling.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification establishes copper-tin alloy (phosphor bronze), copper-tin-lead alloy (leaded phosphor bronze), and copper-tin-lead-zinc alloy (bearing bronze), plate, sheet, strip, and rolled bar. The phosphor bronzes commonly are used for deep drawing into bellows and stamping and forming into spring devices and into terminals and connectors for electrical apparatus because they combine high strength with high elongation. The leaded phosphor bronzes are used where strength, corrosion resistance, and machinability are required. The bearing bronze is used in bushings, bearings, and load-bearing thrust washers. The following alloys are covered:
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
B248 Specification for General Requirements for Wrought Copper and Copper-Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar
B248M Specification for General Requirements for Wrought Copper and Copper-Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar (Metric)
B601 Classification for Temper Designations for Copper and Copper Alloys--Wrought and Cast
B846 Terminology for Copper and Copper Alloys
E8 Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Materials
E8M Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Materials [Metric]
E54 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Special Brasses and Bronzes
E62 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Copper and Copper Alloys (Photometric Methods)
E75 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Copper-Nickel and Copper-Nickel-Zinc Alloys
E255 Practice for Sampling Copper and Copper Alloys for the Determination of Chemical Composition
E478 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Copper Alloys
E527 Practice for Numbering Metals and Alloys in the Unified Numbering System (UNS)
ICS Number Code 77.150.30 (Copper products)
UNSPSC Code 30262300(Copper sheets); 72121100(Commercial and office building construction services)