This specification covers plate, rolled bar, sheet, and strip of copper-tin alloy (phosphor bronze plate), copper-tin-lead alloy (leaded phosphor bronze), and copper-tin-lead-zinc alloy (bearing bronze). Copper alloys covered include UNS Nos. C51000, C51100, C51180, C51900, C52100, C52180, C52400, C53400, and C54400. Product shall be manufactured by hot or cold working, rolling, and annealing. Chemical composition of the materials shall conform to UNS designation of the material. Product shall conform to chemical analysis, tensile strength and Rockwell hardness tests specified in the specification. Chemical composition testing shall be performed for each element, namely, copper, iron, lead, phosphorus, tin, and zinc. Tension test shall be made so that the longitudinal axis of the specimen is parallel to direction of rolling.
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1.1 This specification establishes copper-tin alloy (phosphor bronze), copper-tin-lead alloy (leaded phosphor bronze), and copper-tin-lead-zinc alloy (bearing bronze), plate, sheet, strip, and rolled bar. The phosphor bronzes commonly are used for deep drawing into bellows and stamping and forming into spring devices and into terminals and connectors for electrical apparatus because they combine high strength with high elongation. The leaded phosphor bronzes are used where strength, corrosion resistance, and machinability are required. The bearing bronze is used in bushings, bearings, and load-bearing thrust washers. The following alloys are covered:
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
B248 Specification for General Requirements for Wrought Copper and Copper-Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar
B248M Specification for General Requirements for Wrought Copper and Copper-Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar (Metric)
B601 Classification for Temper Designations for Copper and Copper Alloys--Wrought and Cast
B846 Terminology for Copper and Copper Alloys
E8 Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Materials
E8M Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Materials [Metric]
E54 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Special Brasses and Bronzes
E62 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Copper and Copper Alloys (Photometric Methods)
E75 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Copper-Nickel and Copper-Nickel-Zinc Alloys
E255 Practice for Sampling Copper and Copper Alloys for the Determination of Chemical Composition
E478 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Copper Alloys
E527 Practice for Numbering Metals and Alloys in the Unified Numbering System (UNS)
copper-tin alloy plate; copper-tin alloy rolled bar; copper-tin alloy sheet; copper-tin alloy strip; copper-tin-lead alloy plate; copper-tin-lead alloy rolled bar; copper-tin-lead alloy sheet; copper-tin-lead alloy strip; copper-tin-lead-zinc alloy plate; copper-tin-lead-zinc alloy rolled bar; copper-tin-lead-zinc alloy sheet; copper-tin-lead-zinc alloy strip; copper-tin-lead-zinc-iron alloy sheet; copper-tin-lead-zinc-iron alloy strip; Bronze plate/sheet/strip/rolled bar; Copper alloy plate/sheet/strip/rolled bar--specifications; Phosphor bronze; UNS C51000 (phosphor bronze, 5% A); UNS C51100 (phosphor bronze); UNS C51900 (phosphor bronze); UNS C52100 (phosphor bronze, 8% C); UNS C52400 (phosphor bronze, 10% D); UNS C53400 (phosphor bronze B-1); UNS C54400 (phosphor bronze B-2) ^STATUS: Dn Cn Sn Nn Mn;
ICS Number Code 77.150.30 (Copper products)
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Citing ASTM Standards
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