ASTM A991 / A991M - 10

    Standard Test Method for Conducting Temperature Uniformity Surveys of Furnaces Used to Heat Treat Steel Products

    Active Standard ASTM A991 / A991M | Developed by Subcommittee: A01.13

    Book of Standards Volume: 01.03


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    Significance and Use

    Furnaces for heat treatment of steel products are used in many industries, in many ways. Regardless of heat treat furnace type, or processing cycle, it may be necessary for users to know the temperature uniformity in the furnace and whether the material is processed in a zone within the furnace that is capable of meeting the applicable permissible temperature variation requirements.

    The procedures in this test method may be used by those using, manufacturing, and providing calibration service for, heat treat furnaces used to process steel products.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the procedures used to conduct a temperature uniformity survey on a furnace used to heat treat steel products. This method is used to determine the capability of the furnace to meet the permissible temperature variation specified in the applicable product specification, or as agreed to by the purchaser and supplier of heat treat services. Survey documentation requirements, and the procedure used to subsequently establish the furnace working zone, are defined in this test method.

    1.2 This test method covers heat treat furnaces in any of the following categories:

    1.2.1 Continuous or semi-continuous conveyance furnaces,

    1.2.2 Batch furnaces, and

    1.2.3 Salt or liquid baths and fluidized beds.

    1.3 This test method only applies when specified in the product specification or the purchase order.

    1.4 Controlling a heat treatment of steel products using thermocouples attached to the extremities of each load is an alternative to performing a furnace survey.

    1.5 By mutual agreement between the purchaser and the supplier of heat treat services, more stringent and/or additional requirements may be specified. The acceptance of any such additional requirements shall be dependent on negotiations with the supplier and must be included in the order as agreed upon by the purchaser and supplier.

    1.6 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

    1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    SAE Standard

    AMS2750 Pyrometry

    ASTM Standards

    E207 Test Method for Thermal EMF Test of Single Thermoelement Materials by Comparison with a Reference Thermoelement of Similar EMF-Temperature Properties

    E220 Test Method for Calibration of Thermocouples By Comparison Techniques

    E230 Specification and Temperature-Electromotive Force (EMF) Tables for Standardized Thermocouples

    E608/E608M Specification for Mineral-Insulated, Metal-Sheathed Base Metal Thermocouples


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 25.200 (Heat treatment)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 23281603(Heat treating age hardening furnaceĀ )


    DOI: 10.1520/A0991_A0991M-10

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