Active Standard ASTM A909 / A909M | Developed by Subcommittee: A01.06
Book of Standards Volume: 01.05
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
This specification covers wrought, microalloyed carbon steel forgings for general industrial use. Materials shall be produced by melting processes and killing. It shall also be hot forged by hot mechanical work. Conformance of the forgings to chemical composition requirements shall be examined by heat and product analyses. Metallurgical requirements such as grain size and microstructure, and mechanical property requirements such as yield strength, tensile strength, elongation, hardness, and ductility, shall also be evaluated. Steel forgings that fail to meet specified mechanical property values shall be retreated either by tempering or heat treatment, and then retested.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification covers wrought, microalloyed carbon steel forgings for industrial use. Microalloyed steels develop their properties by the addition of small amounts of microalloying elements such as vanadium, columbium, titanium, or molybdenum. The properties may be influenced also by control of the hot working process and temperature and by control of the subsequent cooling rate.
1.2 The forgings shall be furnished to chemical composition and mechanical property requirements as specified herein. Chemical composition is based on standard carbon steel grades modified to include microalloying elements. Strength level is specified based on desired mechanical properties in the forgings. Depending on the forging process, different strength classes may be attainable from a single chemical composition. Conversely, mechanical properties of a given strength class may be achieved using different chemical compositions. The manufacturer should be consulted if development of chemical composition is necessary.
1.3 For the purpose of this specification, forgings with maximum section thickness of 4 in. [100 mm] are to be considered.
1.4 Supplementary Requirements S1 to S8 are provided for use when additional controls or requirements are desired. These shall apply only when specified on the purchase order.
1.5 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI (metric) units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text and tables, SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with this specification.
1.6 Unless the order specifies the applicable “M” specification designation, the material shall be furnished to the inch-pound units.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A29/A29M Specification for Steel Bars, Carbon and Alloy, Hot-Wrought, General Requirements for
A275/A275M Practice for Magnetic Particle Examination of Steel Forgings
A370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products
A576 Specification for Steel Bars, Carbon, Hot-Wrought, Special Quality
A751 Test Methods, Practices, and Terminology for Chemical Analysis of Steel Products
A788/A788M Specification for Steel Forgings, General Requirements
A921/A921M Specification for Steel Bars, Microalloy, Hot-Wrought, Special Quality, for Subsequent Hot Forging
E10 Test Method for Brinell Hardness of Metallic Materials
E18 Test Methods for Rockwell Hardness of Metallic Materials
E45 Test Methods for Determining the Inclusion Content of Steel
ICS Number Code 77.140.85 (Iron and steel forgings)