Active Standard ASTM A890 / A890M | Developed by Subcommittee: A01.18
Book of Standards Volume: 01.02
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
This specification covers castings, iron-chromium-nickel-molybdenum corrosion-resistant, duplex(austenitic/ferritic) for general application. Castings shall be heat treated in accordance with the required procedure and heat-treat temperature. Proper heat treatment of these alloys is usually necessary to enhance corrosion resistance and in some cases to meet mechanical properties. Minimum heat-treat temperatures are specified; however, it is sometimes necessary to heat-treat at higher temperatures, hold for some minimum time at temperature and then rapidly cool the castings in order to enhance the corrosion resistance and meet the required mechanical properties. The steel shall conform to the required chemical composition for carbon, manganese, silicon, phosphorus, sulfur, chromium, nickel, molybdenum, copper, tungsten, and nitrogen. Castings shall be marked for material identification with the specification designation and grade.
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1.2 The duplex stainless steel alloys offer a combination of enhanced mechanical properties and corrosion resistance when properly balanced in composition and properly heat treated. Ferrite levels are not specified, but these alloys will develop a range of approximately 30 to 60 % ferrite with the balance austenite. It is the responsibility of the purchaser to determine which grade shall be furnished depending on design and service conditions, mechanical properties, and corrosion-resistant characteristics.
1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products
A732/A732M Specification for Castings, Investment, Carbon and Low Alloy Steel for General Application, and Cobalt Alloy for High Strength at Elevated Temperatures
A781/A781M Specification for Castings, Steel and Alloy, Common Requirements, for General Industrial Use
E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
E562 Test Method for Determining Volume Fraction by Systematic Manual Point Count
E1245 Practice for Determining the Inclusion or Second-Phase Constituent Content of Metals by Automatic Image Analysis
ICS Number Code 77.140.80 (Iron and steel castings)