This specification covers standard requirements for cold-formed welded and seamless high-strength, low-alloy round, square, rectangular, or special shaped structural tubing for welded, riveted, or bolted construction of bridges and buildings and for general structural purposes where high strength and enhanced atmospheric corrosion resistance are required. Round and shaped tubing shall meet the required tensile properties such as tensile strength, yield strength, and elongation. Heat and product analysis shall be performed wherein steel materials shall conform to the required chemical composition for carbon, manganese, phosphorus, sulphur, and copper. Outside dimension tolerances for square and rectangular tubing shall not exceed the specified plus and minus tolerances. Length tolerance for structural tubing shall be in accordance with the specified values. Twist tolerances for square and rectangular structural tubing shall be indicated.
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1.1 This specification covers cold-formed welded and seamless high-strength, low-alloy round, square, rectangular, or special shaped structural tubing for welded, riveted, or bolted construction of bridges and buildings and for general structural purposes where high strength and enhanced atmospheric corrosion resistance are required (Note 1). The atmospheric corrosion resistance of this steel in most environments is substantially better than carbon steel with or without copper addition (Note 2). When properly exposed to the atmosphere, this steel can be used bare (unpainted) for many applications. When this steel is used in welded construction, the welding procedure shall be suitable for the steel and the intended service.
1.2 This tubing is produced in welded sizes with a maximum periphery of 64 in. [1626 mm] and a maximum wall of 0.625 in. [15.9 mm], and in seamless with a maximum periphery of 32 in. [813 mm] and a maximum wall of 0.500 in. [12.7 mm]. Tubing having other dimensions may be furnished provided such tubing complies with all other requirements of this specification.
1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.
—Products manufactured to this specification may not be suitable for those applications where low temperature notch toughness properties may be important, such as dynamically loaded elements in welded structures, etc.
—For methods of estimating the atmospheric corrosion resistance of low alloy steels see Guide G101 or actual data.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products
A700 Practices for Packaging, Marking, and Loading Methods for Steel Products for Shipment
A751 Test Methods, Practices, and Terminology for Chemical Analysis of Steel Products
G101 Guide for Estimating the Atmospheric Corrosion Resistance of Low-Alloy Steels
ICS Number Code 23.040.10 (Iron and steel pipes); 23.040.40 (Metal fittings)
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