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This specification covers the standard common requirements for iron castings to be used for general industrial applications. The castings shall be made in a workman-like manner and shall conform to the dimensions on drawings furnished by the purchaser before manufacture is started. A lot shall consist of one of the following: all the metal from a single heating in a batch-type melting furnace; all the metal poured from two or more batch-type melting furnaces into a single ladle or a single casting; or all the metal poured from a continuous melting furnace for a given period of time between changes in charge, processing conditions, or aim-for chemistry, whichever is the shorter period. Specimens shall undergo tension tests and shall conform to the specified tensile strength requirements. Chemical analysis such as spectrographic methods shall be performed to determine the chemical composition which shall be in accordance to the carbon content requirement of the specimen. Visual inspection shall also be done to ensure that the casting surface is free of adhering sand, scale, cracks, and hot tears.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
Significance and Use
1.1 This specification covers a group of requirements that are mandatory requirements when used in conjunction with the following iron casting specifications issued by ASTM:
1.2 This specification also covers a group of supplementary requirements which may be applied to the above specifications as indicated herein. These are provided for use when additional testing or inspection is desired and apply only when specified individually by the purchaser in the order.
1.3 The requirements of the individual material specification, and this general specification shall prevail in the sequence named.
1.4 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A47/A47M Specification for Ferritic Malleable Iron Castings
A48/A48M Specification for Gray Iron Castings
A197/A197M Specification for Cupola Malleable Iron
A220/A220M Specification for Pearlitic Malleable Iron
A247 Test Method for Evaluating the Microstructure of Graphite in Iron Castings
A278/A278M Specification for Gray Iron Castings for Pressure-Containing Parts for Temperatures Up to 650F (350C)
A319 Specification for Gray Iron Castings for Elevated Temperatures for Non-Pressure Containing Parts
A395/A395M Specification for Ferritic Ductile Iron Pressure-Retaining Castings for Use at Elevated Temperatures
A436 Specification for Austenitic Gray Iron Castings
A439 Specification for Austenitic Ductile Iron Castings
A518/A518M Specification for Corrosion-Resistant High-Silicon Iron Castings
A532/A532M Specification for Abrasion-Resistant Cast Irons
A536 Specification for Ductile Iron Castings
A571/A571M Specification for Austenitic Ductile Iron Castings for Pressure-Containing Parts Suitable for Low-Temperature Service
A644 Terminology Relating to Iron Castings
A802/A802M Practice for Steel Castings, Surface Acceptance Standards, Visual Examination
A823 Specification for Statically Cast Permanent Mold Gray Iron Castings
A842 Specification for Compacted Graphite Iron Castings
A874/A874M Specification for Ferritic Ductile Iron Castings Suitable for Low-Temperature Service
A897/A897M Specification for Austempered Ductile Iron Castings
A919 Terminology Relating to Heat Treatment of Metals
E8 Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Materials
E10 Test Method for Brinell Hardness of Metallic Materials
E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
E30 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Steel, Cast Iron, Open-Hearth Iron, and Wrought Iron
E59 Practice for Sampling Steel and Iron for Determination of Chemical Composition
E94 Guide for Radiographic Examination
E165 Practice for Liquid Penetrant Examination for General Industry
E351 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Cast Iron--All Types
E689 Reference Radiographs for Ductile Iron Castings
E709 Guide for Magnetic Particle Testing
E802 Reference Radiographs for Gray Iron Castings Up to 412 in. (114 mm) in Thickness
Federal StandardFed.Std.No.123 Marking for Shipment (Civil Agencies)
Military StandardMIL-STD-129 Marking for Shipment and Storage Available from Standardization Documents Order Desk, DODSSP, Bldg. 4, Section D, 700 Robbins Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19111-5098, http://www.dodssp.daps.mil.
ICS Number Code 77.140.80 (Iron and steel castings)
UNSPSC Code 31100000(Castings and casting assemblies)