Active Standard ASTM A789 / A789M | Developed by Subcommittee: A01.10
Book of Standards Volume: 01.01
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
This specification covers standard requirements for grades of nominal wall thickness, stainless steel tubing for services requiring general corrosion resistance, with particular emphasis on resistance to stress corrosion cracking. These steels are susceptible to embrittlement if used for prolonged periods at elevated temperatures. Heat and product analyses shall be performed wherein the steel shall conform to the required chemical composition for carbon, manganese, phosphorus, sulfur, silicon, nickel, chromium, molybdenum, nitrogen, copper, and others. All tubes shall be furnished in the heat-treated condition in accordance with the specified temperature and quench conditions. When the final heat treatment is in a continuous furnace, or when heat treated condition is obtained directly by quenching after hot forming, the number of tubes of the same size and from the same heat in a lot shall be determined from the prescribed sizes of the tubes. The material shall conform to the prescribed tensile and hardness properties. Mechanical tests such as tension test, flaring test (for seamless tubes), flange test (for welded tubes), hardness test, and reverse flattening test shall be performed on the steel tubing. Each tube shall also be subjected to the nondestructive electric test or the hydrostatic test.
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1.1 This specification2 covers grades of average wall thickness, or, if specified on the order, minimum wall thickness, of stainless steel tubing for services requiring general corrosion resistance, with particular emphasis on resistance to stress corrosion cracking. These steels are susceptible to embrittlement if used for prolonged periods at elevated temperatures.
1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The inch-pound units shall apply unless the M designation of this specification is specified in the order.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A480/A480M Specification for General Requirements for Flat-Rolled Stainless and Heat-Resisting Steel Plate, Sheet, and Strip
A1016/A1016M Specification for General Requirements for Ferritic Alloy Steel, Austenitic Alloy Steel, and Stainless Steel Tubes
E527 Practice for Numbering Metals and Alloys in the Unified Numbering System (UNS)
SAE StandardSAEJ 1086 Practice for Numbering Metals and Alloys (UNS)
ICS Number Code 23.040.40 (Metal fittings)
UNSPSC Code 31351209(Stainless steel welded or brazed tube assemblies); 40182400(Seamless stainless steel tubes)