Significance and Use
Hysteresigraph testing permits more rapid and efficient collection of dc hysteresis (B-H loop) data as compared to the point by point ballistic Test Methods A 341/A 341M and A 596/A 596M. The accuracy and precision of testing is comparable to the ballistic methods. Hysteresigraphs are particularly desirable for testing of semihard and hard magnetic materials where either the entire second quadrant (demagnetization curve) or entire hysteresis loop is of primary concern.
Provided the test specimen is representative of the bulk sample or lot, this test method is well suited for design, specification acceptance, service evaluation and research and development.
1.1 This test method provides dc hysteresigraph procedures (B-H loop methods) for the determination of basic magnetic properties of materials in the form of ring, toroidal, link, double-lapped Epstein cores, or other standard shapes that may be cut, stamped, machined, or ground from cast, compacted, sintered, forged, or rolled materials. It includes tests for normal induction and hysteresis taken under conditions of continuous sweep magnetization. Rate of sweep may be varied, either manually or automatically at different portions of the curves during tracing. Total elapsed time for tracing a hysteresis loop is commonly 10 to 120 s per loop.
1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A34/A34M Practice for Sampling and Procurement Testing of Magnetic Materials
A341/A341M Test Method for Direct Current Magnetic Properties of Materials Using D-C Permeameters and the Ballistic Test Methods
A343/A343M Test Method for Alternating-Current Magnetic Properties of Materials at Power Frequencies Using Wattmeter-Ammeter-Voltmeter Method and 25-cm Epstein Test Frame
A596/A596M Test Method for Direct-Current Magnetic Properties of Materials Using the Ballistic Method and Ring Specimens
IECPublication404-4: Magnetic Materials--Part 4: Methods of Measurement of dc Magnetic Properties of Iron and Steel (1995) Available from American National Standards Institute, 25 W. 43rd St., 4th Floor, New York, NY 10036.
dc hysteresigraph; dc hysteresis; Epstein test; Hall probe; hysteresis loop; permeameter; ring-type specimen; Current measurement--direct-current; D-c magnetic properties; Direct-current permeability; Hysteresis effects; Permeameters (direct-current); Ring test procedures;
ICS Number Code 29.030 (Magnetic materials)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
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