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Significance and Use
5.1 Hysteresigraphs permit more rapid and efficient collection of normal induction and dc hysteresis (B-H loop) data as compared to the point by point ballistic Test Methods and . The high measurement point density offered by computer-automated systems is often required for computer aided design of electrical components such as transformers, motors, and relays.
5.2 Hysteresigraphs are particularly desirable for testing of semihard and hard magnetic materials, where either the entire second quadrant (demagnetization curve) or entire hysteresis loop is of primary concern. Test Method describes the special requirements for accurate measurement of hard (permanent magnet) materials.
5.3 Hysteresigraphs are not recommended for measurement of initial permeability of materials with high magnetic permeability such as nickel-iron, amorphous, and nanocrystalline materials due to errors associated with integrator drift; in these cases, Test Method is a more appropriate method.
5.4 Provided the test specimen is representative of the bulk sample or lot, this test method is well suited for design, specification acceptance, service evaluation, and research and development.
1.1 This test method provides dc hysteresigraph procedures (B-H loop methods) for the determination of basic magnetic properties of materials in the form of ring, spirally wound toroidal, link, double-lapped Epstein cores, or other standard shapes that may be cut, stamped, machined, or ground from cast, compacted, sintered, forged, or rolled materials. It includes tests for normal induction and hysteresis loop determination taken under conditions of continuous sweep magnetization. Rate of sweep may be varied, either manually or automatically at different portions of the curves during measurement.
1.2 The equipment and procedures described in this test method are most suited for soft and semi-hard materials with intrinsic coercivity less than about 100 Oersteds [8 kA/M]. Materials with higher intrinsic coercivities should be tested according to Test Method .
1.3 The values and equations stated in customary (cgs-emu and inch-pound) or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within this standard, SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with this standard.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A34/A34M Practice for Sampling and Procurement Testing of Magnetic Materials
A340 Terminology of Symbols and Definitions Relating to Magnetic Testing
A341/A341M Test Method for Direct Current Magnetic Properties of Materials Using D-C Permeameters and the Ballistic Test Methods
A343/A343M Test Method for Alternating-Current Magnetic Properties of Materials at Power Frequencies Using Wattmeter-Ammeter-Voltmeter Method and 25-cm Epstein Test Frame
A596/A596M Test Method for Direct-Current Magnetic Properties of Materials Using the Ballistic Method and Ring Specimens
A977/A977M Test Method for Magnetic Properties of High-Coercivity Permanent Magnet Materials Using Hysteresigraphs
E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
OtherIEC Publication 60404-4 Ed 2.2 – Part 4: Methods of Measurement of d.c. Magnetic Properties of Magnetically Soft Materials (2008) Available from American National Standards Institute, 25 W. 43rd St., 4th Floor, New York, NY 10036.
UNSPSC Code 31380000(Magnets and magnetic materials)
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ASTM A773 / A773M-14, Standard Test Method for Direct Current Magnetic Properties of Low Coercivity Magnetic Materials Using Hysteresigraphs, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2014, www.astm.orgBack to Top