Significance and Use
The permeability determined by this method is the impedance permeability. Impedance permeability is the ratio of the peak value of flux density (Bmax) to the assumed peak magnetic field strength (Hz) without regard to phase. As compared to testing under sinusoidal flux (sinusoidal B) conditions, the permeabilities determined by this method are numerically lower since, for a given test signal frequency, the rate of flux change (dB/dt) is higher.
This test method is suitable for impedance permeability measurements at very low magnetic inductions at power frequencies (50 to 60 Hz) to moderate inductions below the point of maximum permeability of the material (the knee of the magnetization curve) or until there is visible distortion of the current waveform. The lower limit is a function of sample area, secondary turns, and the sensitivity of the flux-reading voltmeter used. At higher inductions, measurements of flux-generated voltages that are appreciably distorted mean that the flux has appreciable harmonic frequency components. The upper limit is given by the availability of pure sinusoidal current, which is a function of the power source. In addition, a large ratio (≥10) of the total series resistance of the primary circuit to the primary coil impedance is required. With proper test apparatus, this test method is suitable for use at frequencies up to 1 MHz.
This test method is suitable for design, specification acceptance, service evaluation, quality control, and research use.
1.1 This test method provides a means for determination of the impedance permeability (μz) of ferromagnetic materials under the condition of sinusoidal current (sinusoidal H) excitation. Test specimens in the form of laminated toroidal cores, tape-wound toroidal cores, and link-type laminated cores having uniform cross sections and closed flux paths (no air gaps) are used. The method is intended as a means for determining the magnetic performance of ferromagnetic strip having a thickness less than or equal to 0.025 in. [0.635 mm].
1.2 This test method shall be used in conjunction with those applicable paragraphs in Practice A34/A34M.
1.3 The values and equations stated in customary (cgs-emu and inch-pound) or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within this standard, SI units are shown in brackets except for the sections concerning calculations where there are separate sections for the respective unit systems. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with this standard.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A34/A34M Practice for Sampling and Procurement Testing of Magnetic Materials
A340 Terminology of Symbols and Definitions Relating to Magnetic Testing
magnetic field strength; magnetic flux density; magnetic induction; permeability; sinusoidal current; toroidal core; A-C (alternating-current) magnetic properties; Alternating-current permeability; Current measurement--alternating-current; Sinusoidal current method ;
ICS Number Code 29.030 (Magnetic materials)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
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