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This specification covers high-strength low-alloy steel plates for service in welded pressure vessels and piping components. This material is particularly intended for piping and pressure vessel applications where high strength and improved toughness are required. Two grades, designated B and C, are covered. The steel shall be killed and shall conform to the fine austenitic grain size requirements specified. The material shall be normalized by heating to a suitable temperature which produces an austenitic structure holding a sufficient time to attain uniform heat throughout the material, and cooling in air. The steel shall conform to the requirements as to chemical compositions specified. The material as represented by the tension test specimen shall conform to the requirements specified.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification2 covers high-strength low-alloy steel plates for service in welded pressure vessels and piping components.
1.2 This material is particularly intended for piping and pressure vessel applications where high strength and improved toughness are required.
1.3 Two grades, designated B and C, are covered by this specification. Grade B provides a minimum yield strength of 50 ksi [345 MPa]. Grade C provides a minimum yield strength of 60 ksi [415 MPa].
1.4 The maximum thickness of plates is limited only by the capacity of the chemical composition and heat treatment to meet the specified mechanical property requirements; however, current practice normally limits the maximum thickness to 4 in. [100 mm] for each grade.
1.5 Grade C in the as-rolled condition is sensitive to cracking during flame cutting, transit, and handling, particularly in thicknesses over 2 in. [50 mm]. Plates should not be shipped in the as-rolled condition only except by mutual agreement between the manufacturer and the purchaser.
1.6 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system must be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the specification.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A20/A20M Specification for General Requirements for Steel Plates for Pressure Vessels
A435/A435M Specification for Straight-Beam Ultrasonic Examination of Steel Plates
A577/A577M Specification for Ultrasonic Angle-Beam Examination of Steel Plates
A578/A578M Specification for Straight-Beam Ultrasonic Examination of Rolled Steel Plates for Special Applications
ICS Number Code 77.140.30 (Steels for pressure purposes)
UNSPSC Code 30102204(Steel plate )