Active Standard ASTM A734 / A734M | Developed by Subcommittee: A01.11
Book of Standards Volume: 01.04
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
This specification covers quenched and tempered alloy steel and high strength low alloy steel plates for piping components and welded pressure vessels. The steel materials shall be killed and shall conform to the fine austenitic grain size requirement. The steel specimens shall undergo heat analysis and product analysis and shall conform to the required chemical compositions of carbon, manganese, phosphorus, sulfur, silicon, copper, nickel, chromium, molybdenum, aluminum, vanadium, nitrogen, and columbium. Tension tests shall be performed wherein the steel materials shall conform to the required values of yield strength, tensile strength, and elongation.
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1.1 This specification covers quenched-and-tempered alloy steel and high-strength low-alloy steel plates for piping components and welded pressure vessels.
1.2 Two types are covered, which provide two different chemical compositions with the same tensile requirements. Both types are quenched-and-tempered to enhance mechanical properties.
1.2.1 Type A is an alloy steel intended for use at low ambient temperatures of −80°F [−60°C] and higher.
1.2.2 Type B is a high-strength low-alloy steel intended for use at ambient temperatures of −20°F [−30°C] and higher.
1.3 The maximum thickness of plates is limited only by the capacity of the chemical composition and heat treatment to meet the specified mechanical property requirements. Individual manufacturers should be consulted on thickness limitations since current industry limitations have not been ascertained to date.
1.4 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system must be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the specification.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A20/A20M Specification for General Requirements for Steel Plates for Pressure Vessels
A435/A435M Specification for Straight-Beam Ultrasonic Examination of Steel Plates
A577/A577M Specification for Ultrasonic Angle-Beam Examination of Steel Plates
A578/A578M Specification for Straight-Beam Ultrasonic Examination of Rolled Steel Plates for Special Applications
ICS Number Code 77.140.30 (Steels for pressure purposes)