Active Standard ASTM A727 / A727M | Developed by Subcommittee: A01.22
Book of Standards Volume: 01.01
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
This specification covers forged carbon steel piping components intended primarily for service in pressure piping systems from a specific temperature range where inherent notch toughness is desired, but where notch toughness testing is not required. Included are forged or ring-rolled flanges, forged fittings, and valves made to specified dimensions. The steel shall be made by one or more of the following processes: open-hearth, basic-oxygen, or electric-furnace, and shall be fully killed, fine-grain practice. Following plastic working, the forgings shall be heat treated by normalizing, or normalizing and tempering, or quenching and tempering. The forgings shall be subjected to tension, hardness, and hydrostatic tests.
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1.1 This specification2 covers forged carbon steel piping components intended primarily for service in pressure piping systems from −20 to +650 °F [−30 to +345 °C] where inherent notch toughness is desired, but where notch toughness testing is not required. Included are forged or ring-rolled flanges, forged fittings, and valves made to specified dimensions, or to dimensional standards such as the ASME and API specifications referenced in Section 2.
1.2 This specification is limited to forgings with maximum finished section thicknesses no larger than 2 in. [51 mm].
1.3 It shall be the responsibility of the purchaser to determine whether material meeting the requirements of this specification is satisfactory for the service application.
1.4 Supplementary requirements are provided for use when additional testing or inspection is desired. These shall apply only when specified by the purchaser in the order.
1.5 This specification is expressed in both inch-pound units and in SI units. However, unless the order specifies the applicable “M” specification designation (SI units), the material shall be furnished to inch-pound units.
1.6 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A350/A350M Specification for Carbon and Low-Alloy Steel Forgings, Requiring Notch Toughness Testing for Piping Components
A788/A788M Specification for Steel Forgings, General Requirements
A961/A961M Specification for Common Requirements for Steel Flanges, Forged Fittings, Valves, and Parts for Piping Applications
E59 Practice for Sampling Steel and Iron for Determination of Chemical Composition
ICS Number Code 77.140.85 (Iron and steel forgings)
UNSPSC Code 31132100(Steel forgings)