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This specification covers the standard requirements for high-strength quenched and tempered alloy steel forgings for pressure vessels, isostatic presses, shock tubes, and similar components. These materials are not intended for welded construction. Three grades of nickel-chromium-molybdenum steels and six classes of increasing tensile strength are included. The strength class, section size, and configuration of the forging will largely dictate the applicable type of steel. Materials shall be manufactured by steel melting processes, rough machining, and final heat treatment, which shall consist of normalizing, reaustenitization, liquid quenching, and tempering. Conformance of the forging specimens to chemical composition requirements shall be analyzed by heat and product analyses. Proper sampling methods for mechanical properties testing shall be done by any of four possible ways, as judged appropriate. Steel specimens shall also undergo straight-beam and angle-beam ultrasonic examination, and magnetic particle examination procedures to evaluate nondestructive examination requirements. Repair welding of the forgings shall not be permitted.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
Significance and Use
1.1 This specification covers requirements for high-strength quenched and tempered alloy steel forgings for pressure vessels, isostatic presses, shock tubes, and similar components.
1.2 These materials are not intended for welded construction.
1.3 Three grades of nickel-chromium-molybdenum steels and six classes of increasing tensile strength are included. The strength class, section size, and configuration of the forging will largely dictate the applicable type(s) of steel.
1.4 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI (metric) units are to be regarded separately as the standard. Within the text and tables, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system must be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the specification.
1.5 Unless the order specifies the applicable “M” specification designation, the material shall be furnished to the inch-pound units.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A275/A275M Practice for Magnetic Particle Examination of Steel Forgings
A370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products
A388/A388M Practice for Ultrasonic Examination of Steel Forgings
A788/A788M Specification for Steel Forgings, General Requirements
Other StandardsASMEBoilerandPressur Available from American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), ASME International Headquarters, Three Park Ave., New York, NY 10016-5990, http://www.asme.org.
ICS Number Code 77.140.30 (Steels for pressure purposes)
UNSPSC Code 31132100(Steel forgings)