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This guide covers standard specification for hot-wrought special quality carbon steel bars and bar size shapes produced to mechanical property requirements and intended for general constructional applications. Heat analysis shall be performed wherein the material shall conform to the required chemical composition for phosphorus, sulfur, copper, and lead. The steel shall meet the required tensile properties such as tensile strength, yield strength, and elongation. The test specimen shall undergo mechanical tests such as tension test and bend test.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification2 covers hot-wrought special quality carbon steel bars and bar size shapes produced to mechanical property requirements and intended for general constructional applications.
1.2 The bars are available in nine strength grades designated 45, 50, 55, 60, 65, 70, 75, 80, and 90 [310, 345, 380, 415, 450, 485, 515, 550, and 620] corresponding to the minimum ultimate tensile strength in ksi [MPa]. The chemical composition is selected by the manufacturer to develop the required mechanical properties.
1.3 Hot-wrought special quality carbon steel bars subject to mechanical property requirements are hot wrought in straight lengths only. Sections and sizes available are covered in Specification A29/A29M.
1.4 Some applications may require one or more of the available designations shown under Supplementary Requirements.
1.5 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A29/A29M Specification for Steel Bars, Carbon and Alloy, Hot-Wrought, General Requirements for
A370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products
A663/A663M Specification for Steel Bars, Carbon, Merchant Quality, Mechanical Properties
E290 Test Methods for Bend Testing of Material for Ductility
ICS Number Code 77.140.60 (Steel bars and rods)
UNSPSC Code 30263600(Carbon steel bars)