Active Standard ASTM A618 / A618M | Developed by Subcommittee: A01.09
Book of Standards Volume: 01.01
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
This specification covers grades of hot-formed welded and seamless high-strength low-alloy square, rectangular, round, or special shape structural tubing for welded, riveted, or bolted construction of bridges and buildings and for general structural purposes. These grades are: Grade Ia and Ib; Grade II; and Grade III. When the steel is used in welded construction, the welding procedure shall be suitable for the steel and the intended service. The tubing shall be made by the seamless, furnace-buttwelded (continuous-welded), or hot-stretch-reduced electric-resistance-welded process. Tensile test and bend test shall be performed for the material to conform to the requirements specified. If the results of the mechanical tests representing any heat do not conform to a requirement, retests shall be made.
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1.1 This specification covers grades of hot-formed welded and seamless high-strength low-alloy square, rectangular, round, or special shape structural tubing for welded, riveted, or bolted construction of bridges and buildings and for general structural purposes. When the steel is used in welded construction, the welding procedure shall be suitable for the steel and the intended service.
1.2 Grade II has atmospheric corrosion resistance equivalent to that of carbon steel with copper (0.20 minimum Cu) Grades Ia and Ib have atmospheric corrosion resistance substantially better than that of Grade II (Note 1). When properly exposed to the atmosphere, Grades Ia and Ib can be used bare (unpainted) for many applications. When enhanced corrosion resistance is desired, Grade III, copper limits may be specified.
Note 1—For methods of estimating the atmospheric corrosion resistance of low alloy steels see Guide G101 or actual data.
1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products
A700 Practices for Packaging, Marking, and Loading Methods for Steel Products for Shipment
A751 Test Methods, Practices, and Terminology for Chemical Analysis of Steel Products
G101 Guide for Estimating the Atmospheric Corrosion Resistance of Low-Alloy Steels
ICS Number Code 23.040.10 (Iron and steel pipes); 23.040.40 (Metal fittings)