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This specification covers the 8 and 9% nickel-alloy steel forged or rolled flanges, fittings, valves, and parts intended for use in welded pressure vessels for low-temperature service. Two types of materials are specified according to the chemical composition: type I and type II. Materials for forgings shall consist of ingots, or either forged or rolled blooms, billets, or bars. Except for all types of flanges, elbows, return bends, tees, and header tees, other parts including NPS 4 may be machined from hot-rolled or forged bar. The steel shall conform to the specified chemical requirements for carbon, manganese, phosphorus, sulfur, silicon, and nickel. The following methods of heat treatment shall be used: quenched and tempered and double normalized and tempered. Two tests shall be done to meet the mechanical requirements of the material: tension test and Charpy impact test.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
Significance and Use
1.1 This specification2 covers 8 and 9 % nickel-alloy steel forged or rolled flanges, fittings, valves, and parts intended for use in welded pressure vessels for low-temperature service. The specification is applicable to forgings with maximum section thickness of 3 in. [75 mm] in the double normalized and tempered condition and 5 in. [125 mm] in the quenched and tempered condition. Forgings under this specification are intended for service at operating temperatures not lower than −320 °F [−196 °C] for Type I or −275 °F [−170 °C] for Type II or higher than 250 °F [121 °C].
1.2 Material under this specification is available in two types having different chemical compositions as follows:
Nominal Nickel Content, %
1.3 This specification is expressed in both inch-pound units and SI units. However, unless the order specifies the applicable “M” specification designation (SI units), the material shall be furnished to inch-pound units.
1.4 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A788/A788M Specification for Steel Forgings, General Requirements
A961/A961M Specification for Common Requirements for Steel Flanges, Forged Fittings, Valves, and Parts for Piping Applications
ICS Number Code 23.040.40 (Metal fittings)
UNSPSC Code 40141600(Valves); 40170000(Pipe piping and pipe fittings)