ASTM A490M - 12

    Standard Specification for High-Strength Steel Bolts, Classes 10.9 and 10.9.3, for Structural Steel Joints (Metric)

    Active Standard ASTM A490M | Developed by Subcommittee: F16.02

    Book of Standards Volume: 01.08


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    Abstract

    This specification covers the chemical, mechanical, and metallurgical requirements for two types of heavy hex structural bolts made of quenched and tempered alloy steel and having specified tensile strengths and sizes. These bolts are intended for use in structural connections, and are furnished in nominal bolt diameters M12 through M36. They are designated by type denoting chemical composition as follows: Type 1medium carbon alloy steel; and Type 3weathering steel. The bolts shall conform to chemical requirements as examined by heat and product analysis. The bolts shall also be tested, and shall conform accordingly to specified requirements for mechanical properties such as Brinell hardness, Rockwell hardness, microhardness, tensile strength, yield strength, elongation, reduction of area, stress area, tensile load, and proof load; metallurgical properties such as carburization and decarburization; and dimensional properties such that for the head and body, and threads. The bolts shall undergo magnetic particle inspection as well for longitudinal discontinuities and transverse cracks.

    This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification covers two types of quenched and tempered alloy steel, metric heavy hex structural bolts having a tensile strength of 1040 to 1210 MPa.

    1.2 These bolts are intended for use in structural connections comparable to those covered under the requirements of the Specification for Structural Joints Using ASTM and bolts, approved by the Research Council on Structural Connections; endorsed by the American Institute of Steel Construction and by the Industrial Fastener Institute.

    1.3 The bolts are furnished in nominal bolt diameters M12 to M36, inclusive. They are designated by type denoting chemical composition as follows:

    TypeDescription
    Type 1Medium carbon alloy steel
    Type 2Withdrawn in 2002
    Type 3Weathering steel

    1.4 This specification is applicable to metric heavy hex structural bolts and alternate designs as established by the Research Council in its publication, Specification for Structural Joints Using ASTM and bolts.

    1.5 For inch-pound bolts, see Specification A490.

    1.6 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.7 The following safety hazards caveat pertains only to the Test Methods portion, Section 13, of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    TABLE 1 Chemical Requirements for Type 1 Bolts

    Element
    Heat Analysis, %
    Product Analysis, %
    Carbon
    For sizes through M30
    0.300.48
    0.280.50
    For size M36
    0.350.53
    0.330.55
    Phosphorus, max
    0.040
    0.045
    Sulfur, max
    0.040
    0.045
    Alloying Elements See 6.1

    TABLE 2 Chemical Requirements for Type 3 Bolts

    Element
    Heat Analysis, %
    Product Analysis, %
    Carbon
    Sizes M20 and smaller0.200.530.190.55
    Sizes larger than M20.0.300.530.280.55
    Manganese, min0.40 0.37
    Phosphorus, max0.0350.040
    Sulfur, max0.0400.045
    Copper0.200.600.170.63
    Chromium, min0.45 0.42
    Nickel, min
    or
    0.20 0.17
    Molybdenum, min0.15 0.14


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    A325 Specification for Structural Bolts, Steel, Heat Treated, 120/105 ksi Minimum Tensile Strength

    A490 Specification for Structural Bolts, Alloy Steel, Heat Treated, 150 ksi Minimum Tensile Strength

    A490M Specification for High-Strength Steel Bolts, Classes 10.9 and 10.9.3, for Structural Steel Joints (Metric)

    A563M Specification for Carbon and Alloy Steel Nuts (Metric)

    A751 Test Methods, Practices, and Terminology for Chemical Analysis of Steel Products

    D3951 Practice for Commercial Packaging

    E384 Test Method for Knoop and Vickers Hardness of Materials

    E709 Guide for Magnetic Particle Testing

    E1444 Practice for Magnetic Particle Testing

    F436M Specification for Hardened Steel Washers (Metric)

    F568M Specification for Carbon and Alloy Steel Externally Threaded Metric Fasteners (Metric)

    F606M Test Methods for Determining the Mechanical Properties of Externally and Internally Threaded Fasteners, Washers, and Rivets (Metric)

    F788/F788M Specification for Surface Discontinuities of Bolts, Screws, and Studs, Inch and Metric Series

    F959M Specification for Compressible-Washer-Type Direct Tension Indicators for Use With Structural Fasteners (Metric)

    F1136M Specification for Zinc/Aluminum Corrosion Protective Coatings for Fasteners (Metric)

    F1470 Practice for Fastener Sampling for Specified Mechanical Properties and Performance Inspection

    F1789 Terminology for F16 Mechanical Fasteners

    F2328M Test Method for Determining Decarburization and Carburization in Hardened and Tempered Threaded Steel Bolts, Screws and Studs (Metric)

    F2833 Specification for Corrosion Protective Fastener Coatings with Zinc Rich Base Coat and Aluminum Organic/Inorganic Type

    G101 Guide for Estimating the Atmospheric Corrosion Resistance of Low-Alloy Steels

    ISO Standards

    7412 Hexagon Bolts for High Strength Structural Bolting With Large Width Across Flats (Short Thread Length)-Product Grade C-Property Classes 8.8 and 10.9

    IFI Standard 

    IFI144 Test Evaluation Procedures for Coating Qualification Intended for Use on High-Strength Structural Bolts

    ASME Standards

    B18.24 Part Identifying Number (PIN) Code System Standard for B18 Fastener Products


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 21.060.10 (Bolts, screws, studs)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 31161614(Structural bolts)


    DOI: 10.1520/A0490M-12

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