Active Standard ASTM A490M | Developed by Subcommittee: F16.02
Book of Standards Volume: 01.08
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
This specification covers the chemical, mechanical, and metallurgical requirements for two types of heavy hex structural bolts made of quenched and tempered alloy steel and having specified tensile strengths and sizes. These bolts are intended for use in structural connections, and are furnished in nominal bolt diameters M12 through M36. They are designated by type denoting chemical composition as follows: Type 1—medium carbon alloy steel; and Type 3—weathering steel. The bolts shall conform to chemical requirements as examined by heat and product analysis. The bolts shall also be tested, and shall conform accordingly to specified requirements for mechanical properties such as Brinell hardness, Rockwell hardness, microhardness, tensile strength, yield strength, elongation, reduction of area, stress area, tensile load, and proof load; metallurgical properties such as carburization and decarburization; and dimensional properties such that for the head and body, and threads. The bolts shall undergo magnetic particle inspection as well for longitudinal discontinuities and transverse cracks.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification covers two types of quenched and tempered alloy steel, metric heavy hex structural bolts having a tensile strength of 1040 to 1210 MPa.
1.2 These bolts are intended for use in structural connections comparable to those covered under the requirements of the Specification for Structural Joints Using ASTM and bolts, approved by the Research Council on Structural Connections; endorsed by the American Institute of Steel Construction and by the Industrial Fastener Institute.
1.3 The bolts are furnished in nominal bolt diameters M12 to M36, inclusive. They are designated by type denoting chemical composition as follows:
|Type 1||Medium carbon alloy steel|
|Type 2||Withdrawn in 2002|
|Type 3||Weathering steel|
1.4 This specification is applicable to metric heavy hex structural bolts and alternate designs as established by the Research Council in its publication, Specification for Structural Joints Using ASTM and bolts.
1.5 For inch-pound bolts, see Specification A490.
1.6 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.7 The following safety hazards caveat pertains only to the Test Methods portion, Section 13, of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
|Element||Heat Analysis, %||Product Analysis, %|
| For sizes through M30||0.30–0.48||0.28–0.50|
| For size M36||0.35–0.53||0.33–0.55|
|Alloying Elements||→ See 6.1 ←|
|Element||Heat Analysis, %||Product Analysis, %|
|Sizes M20 and smaller||0.20–0.53||0.19–0.55|
|Sizes larger than M20.||0.30–0.53||0.28–0.55|
|Nickel, min |
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
IFI StandardIFI 144 Test Evaluation Procedures for Coating Qualification Intended for Use on High-Strength Structural Bolts
ISO Standards7412 Hexagon Bolts for High Strength Structural Bolting With Large Width Across Flats (Short Thread Length)-Product Grade C-Property Classes 8.8 and 10.9
ASME StandardsB18.24 Part Identifying Number (PIN) Code System Standard for B18 Fastener Products
A325 Specification for Structural Bolts, Steel, Heat Treated, 120/105 ksi Minimum Tensile Strength
A490 Specification for Structural Bolts, Alloy Steel, Heat Treated, 150 ksi Minimum Tensile Strength
A490M Specification for High-Strength Steel Bolts, Classes 10.9 and 10.9.3, for Structural Steel Joints (Metric)
A563M Specification for Carbon and Alloy Steel Nuts (Metric)
A751 Test Methods, Practices, and Terminology for Chemical Analysis of Steel Products
D3951 Practice for Commercial Packaging
E384 Test Method for Knoop and Vickers Hardness of Materials
E709 Guide for Magnetic Particle Testing
E1444 Practice for Magnetic Particle Testing
F436M Specification for Hardened Steel Washers (Metric)
F568M Specification for Carbon and Alloy Steel Externally Threaded Metric Fasteners (Metric)
F606M Test Methods for Determining the Mechanical Properties of Externally and Internally Threaded Fasteners, Washers, and Rivets (Metric)
F788/F788M Specification for Surface Discontinuities of Bolts, Screws, and Studs, Inch and Metric Series
F959M Specification for Compressible-Washer-Type Direct Tension Indicators for Use With Structural Fasteners (Metric)
F1136M Specification for Zinc/Aluminum Corrosion Protective Coatings for Fasteners (Metric)
F1470 Practice for Fastener Sampling for Specified Mechanical Properties and Performance Inspection
F1789 Terminology for F16 Mechanical Fasteners
F2328M Test Method for Determining Decarburization and Carburization in Hardened and Tempered Threaded Steel Bolts, Screws and Studs (Metric)
F2833 Specification for Corrosion Protective Fastener Coatings with Zinc Rich Base Coat and Aluminum Organic/Inorganic Type
G101 Guide for Estimating the Atmospheric Corrosion Resistance of Low-Alloy Steels
ICS Number Code 21.060.10 (Bolts, screws, studs)
UNSPSC Code 31161614(Structural bolts)