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This specification covers general requirements that shall apply to wrought stainless steel bars, shapes, forgings, and billets or other semi-finished materials, except wire, for forging. The materials shall be furnished in one of the following conditions: (1) hot-worked; (2) hot-worked and annealed; (3) hot-worked, annealed and cold-worked; or (4) hot-worked, annealed, and heat-treated. Product analysis tolerances shall be performed wherein the specimens shall conform to the required chemical compositions of carbon, manganese, phosphorus, sulfur, silicon, chromium, nickel, molybdenum, titanium, cobalt, columbium, tantalum, copper, aluminum, nitrogen, tungsten, vanadium, and selenium. The materials shall be heat treated and austenitic stainless steels and austenitic-ferritic grades shall be furnished in the solution annealed condition and shall conform to the required values of temperature, permitted annealing procedure, quenching, and rapid cooling.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification2 covers general requirements that shall apply to wrought stainless steel bars, shapes, forgings, and billets or other semi-finished material (except wire) for forging, under the latest revision of each of the following ASTM specifications: A276, A314, A458, A473, A477, A479/A479M, A564/A564M, A565/A565M, A582/A582M, A638/A638M, A705/A705M, and A831/A831M.
1.2 In the case of conflict between a requirement of a product specification and a requirement of this specification, the product specification shall prevail. In the case of conflict between a requirement of the product specification or a requirement of this specification and a more stringent requirement of the purchase order, the purchase order shall prevail. The purchase order requirements shall not take precedence if they, in any way, violate the requirements of the product specification or this specification; for example, by waiving a test requirement or by making a test requirement less stringent.
1.3 The requirements for introduction of new materials in specifications referencing this specification are given in Annex A1.
1.4 General requirements for flat-rolled stainless steel products other than bar are covered in Specification A480/A480M.
1.5 General requirements for wire products in coils are covered in Specification A555/A555M.
1.6 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.
1.7 Unless the order specifies an “M” designation, the material shall be furnished to inch-pound units.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A262 Practices for Detecting Susceptibility to Intergranular Attack in Austenitic Stainless Steels
A276 Specification for Stainless Steel Bars and Shapes
A314 Specification for Stainless Steel Billets and Bars for Forging
A370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products
A458 Specification for Hot-Worked, Hot-Cold-Worked, and Cold-Worked Alloy Steel Bars for High Strength at Elevated Temperatures
A473 Specification for Stainless Steel Forgings
A477 Specification for Hot-Worked, Hot-Cold Worked and Cold-Worked Alloy Steel Forgings and Forging Billets for High Strength at Elevated Temperatures
A479/A479M Specification for Stainless Steel Bars and Shapes for Use in Boilers and Other Pressure Vessels
A480/A480M Specification for General Requirements for Flat-Rolled Stainless and Heat-Resisting Steel Plate, Sheet, and Strip
A555/A555M Specification for General Requirements for Stainless Steel Wire and Wire Rods
A564/A564M Specification for Hot-Rolled and Cold-Finished Age-Hardening Stainless Steel Bars and Shapes
A565/A565M Specification for Martensitic Stainless Steel Bars for High-Temperature Service
A582/A582M Specification for Free-Machining Stainless Steel Bars
A638/A638M Specification for Precipitation Hardening Iron Base Superalloy Bars, Forgings, and Forging Stock for High-Temperature Service
A700 Practices for Packaging, Marking, and Loading Methods for Steel Products for Shipment
A705/A705M Specification for Age-Hardening Stainless Steel Forgings
A751 Test Methods, Practices, and Terminology for Chemical Analysis of Steel Products
A831/A831M Specification for Austenitic and Martensitic Stainless Steel Bars, Billets, and Forgings for Liquid Metal Cooled Reactor Core Components
E112 Test Methods for Determining Average Grain Size
E139 Test Methods for Conducting Creep, Creep-Rupture, and Stress-Rupture Tests of Metallic Materials
Other StandardPrimary Metals Bar C
Military StandardsMIL-STD-129 Marking for Shipment and Storage MIL-STD-163 Preservation of Steel Products for Shipment (Storage and Overseas Shipment)
Federal StandardsFed. Std. No. 123 Marking for Shipment (Civil Agencies) Fed Std. No. 183 Continuous Marking of Iron and Steel Products
ICS Number Code 77.140.20 (Steels of high quality)
UNSPSC Code 30260000(Structural materials); 30264500(Stainless steel bars)