ASTM A470 / A470M - 05(2010)

    Standard Specification for Vacuum-Treated Carbon and Alloy Steel Forgings for Turbine Rotors and Shafts

    Active Standard ASTM A470 / A470M | Developed by Subcommittee: A01.06

    Book of Standards Volume: 01.05


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    Abstract

    This specification covers vacuum-treated carbon and alloy steel forgings for turbine rotors and shafts. Materials shall be manufactured and treated by: melting process via basic electric-furnace; secondary melting process via electrode-electroslag or vacuum-arc remelting; vacuum degassing; forging process via hot mechanical working; heat treatment via double-normalizing and tempering, or normalizing, quenching and tempering; and rough machining and axial boring. Tension and impact tests shall be done to evaluate the conformance of steel forgings with the following mechanical properties: tensile strength and toughness, notch toughness, yield strength, elongation, and reduction of area. Chemical composition conformances shall also be assessed by heat and product analyses. Nondestructive tests, such as ultrasonic and internal examination, and stability tests shall also be performed. Retreatments may be executed one or more times, but not more than three additional times, if results of the mechanical tests do not conform to specified requirements.

    This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification covers vacuum-treated carbon and alloy steel forgings for turbine rotors and shafts.

    1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    A275/A275M Practice for Magnetic Particle Examination of Steel Forgings

    A293 Specification for Steel Forgings, Carbon and Alloy, for Turbine Generator Rotors and Shafts; Replaced by A 470

    A370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

    A418/A418M Practice for Ultrasonic Examination of Turbine and Generator Steel Rotor Forgings

    A472/A472M Specification for Heat Stability of Steam Turbine Shafts and Rotor Forgings

    A788/A788M Specification for Steel Forgings, General Requirements

    E139 Test Methods for Conducting Creep, Creep-Rupture, and Stress-Rupture Tests of Metallic Materials


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 77.140.85 (Iron and steel forgings)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 31132100(Steel forgings)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/A0470_A0470M-05R10

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM A470 / A470M-05(2010), Standard Specification for Vacuum-Treated Carbon and Alloy Steel Forgings for Turbine Rotors and Shafts, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2010, www.astm.org

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