ASTM A356 / A356M - 11

    Standard Specification for Steel Castings, Carbon, Low Alloy, and Stainless Steel, Heavy-Walled for Steam Turbines

    Active Standard ASTM A356 / A356M | Developed by Subcommittee: A01.18

    Book of Standards Volume: 01.02


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    Abstract

    This specification covers one grade of martensitic stainless steel and several grades of ferritic steel castings for cylindrical (shells), valve chests, throttle valves, and other heavy-walled castings for steam turbine applications. The steel shall be made by the open-hearth or electric-furnace process. Deoxidation of the carbon and low-alloy steel grades shall be by manganese and silicon. The castings shall be heat treated in either the normalized, tempered, or stress-relieved conditions. Mechanical properties such as tensile strength, yield strength, and elongation shall be determined by subjecting the specimens to a tension test.

    This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification covers one grade of martensitic stainless steel and several grades of ferritic steel castings for cylinders (shells), valve chests, throttle valves, and other heavy-walled castings for steam turbine applications.

    1.2 Optional supplementary requirements (S1 through S5) shall apply as selected by and specified by the purchaser.

    1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

    1.3.1 Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    A370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

    A488/A488M Practice for Steel Castings, Welding, Qualifications of Procedures and Personnel

    E94 Guide for Radiographic Examination

    E125 Reference Photographs for Magnetic Particle Indications on Ferrous Castings

    E165 Practice for Liquid Penetrant Examination for General Industry

    E186 Reference Radiographs for Heavy-Walled (2 to 412-in. (50.8 to 114-mm)) Steel Castings

    E280 Reference Radiographs for Heavy-Walled (412 to 12-in. (114 to 305-mm)) Steel Castings

    E446 Reference Radiographs for Steel Castings Up to 2 in. (50.8 mm) in Thickness

    E709 Guide for Magnetic Particle Testing

    Manufacturers Standardization Society of the Valve and Fittings Industry Standard

    SP-55 Quality Standard for Steel Castings for Valves, Flanges, Fittings, and Other Piping Components (Visual Method)


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 77.140.80 (Iron and steel castings)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 31101603(Steel sand casting); 31101604(Stainless steel sand casting)


    DOI: 10.1520/A0356_A0356M-11

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