ASTM A327 / A327M - 11

    Standard Test Methods for Impact Testing of Cast Irons

    Active Standard ASTM A327 / A327M | Developed by Subcommittee: A04.21

    Book of Standards Volume: 01.02


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    Abstract

    This test method for impact testing covers the details of apparatus, test specimens and procedures for cast iron, including gray iron, white iron, malleable iron, ductile iron, and austempered ductile iron, but not including chilled rolls or rolls with white iron skins. The gray and white irons shall be subjected to round bar, single-blow Charpy impact test using a pendulum-type impact machine. Characterization of the fracture toughness of any cast iron should be based upon testing at least three specimens. Either the standard notched or unnotched Charpy impact test shall be employed in testing of malleable or ductile irons. Both types of charpy bars have been designated to characterize the fracture toughness of irons.

    This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

    1. Scope

    1.1 These test methods for impact testing cover the details of apparatus, test specimens and procedures for cast iron, including gray iron, white iron, malleable iron, ductile iron, and austempered ductile iron, but not including chilled rolls or rolls with white iron skins.

    1.2 UnitsThe values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    3.1 The Charpy-type impact test shall be employed for testing gray and white irons.

    8.1 Either the standard notched or unnotched Charpy impact test shall be employed in testing of malleable or ductile irons. Selection of the type bar is dependent upon the specific material to be evaluated as defined in Section 9.

    8.2 Both types of charpy bars have been designated to characterize the fracture toughness of irons. The unnotched Charpy bar, when tested, will produce substantially higher energy values than the notch bar type. The unnotched bar is therefore specified for testing irons that have low fracture toughness characteristics.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    A327M Test Methods for Impact Testing of Cast Irons (Metric)

    E23 Test Methods for Notched Bar Impact Testing of Metallic Materials


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 77.140.80 (Iron and steel castings)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 31100000(Castings and casting assemblies)


    DOI: 10.1520/A0327_A0327M-11

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