ASTM A307 - 12

    Standard Specification for Carbon Steel Bolts, Studs, and Threaded Rod 60 000 PSI Tensile Strength

    Active Standard ASTM A307 | Developed by Subcommittee: F16.02

    Book of Standards Volume: 01.08


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    Abstract

    This specification covers the chemical and mechanical requirements for three grades (Grades A, B, and C) of carbon steel bolts and studs in specified sizes. This specification does not cover the requirements for machine screws, thread cutting/forming screws, mechanical expansion anchors, or other similar externally threaded fasteners. When tested, sampled specimens shall adhere to specified values for chemical composition, hardness, tensile strength, yield point, elongation, and dimensions.

    This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification2 covers the chemical and mechanical requirements of two grades of carbon steel bolts and studs in sizes 1/4 in. through 4 in. The fasteners are designated by “Grade” denoting tensile strength and intended use, as follows:

    Grade

    Description

     

    Grade A

    Bolts, studs, and threaded rod having a minimum tensile strength of 60 ksi and intended for general applications,

    Grade B

    Bolts, studs, and threaded rodA having a tensile strength of 60 to 100 ksi and intended for flanged joints in piping systems with cast iron flanges, and

    Grade C

    Replaced by Specification F1554 Gr.36

    A Threaded rod is not usually produced to Grade B, but can be when specified by the purchaser.

    1.2 This specification does not cover requirements for machine screws, thread cutting/forming screws, mechanical expansion anchors or similar externally threaded fasteners.

    1.3 Suitable nuts are covered in Specification A563. Unless otherwise specified, the grade and style of nut for each grade of fastener, of all surface finishes, shall be as follows:

    Fastener Grade and Size

    Nut Grade and StyleA

          A 1/4 to 11/2 in.

        A, hex

          A over 11/2 to 4 in.

        A, heavy hex

          B, 1/4 to 4 in.

        A, heavy hex

    A Nuts of other grades and styles having specified proof load stresses (Specification A563, Table 3) greater than the specified grade and style of nut are also suitable.

    1.4 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard.

    1.5 Supplementary Requirement S1 of an optional nature is provided, which describes additional restrictions to be applied when bolts are to be welded. It shall apply only when specified in the inquiry, order, and contract.

    1.6 Terms used in this specification are defined in Terminology F1789 unless otherwise defined herein.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    A563 Specification for Carbon and Alloy Steel Nuts

    A706/A706M Specification for Low-Alloy Steel Deformed and Plain Bars for Concrete Reinforcement

    A751 Test Methods, Practices, and Terminology for Chemical Analysis of Steel Products

    B695 Specification for Coatings of Zinc Mechanically Deposited on Iron and Steel

    F606 Test Methods for Determining the Mechanical Properties of Externally and Internally Threaded Fasteners, Washers, Direct Tension Indicators, and Rivets

    F1470 Practice for Fastener Sampling for Specified Mechanical Properties and Performance Inspection

    F1554 Specification for Anchor Bolts, Steel, 36, 55, and 105-ksi Yield Strength

    F1789 Terminology for F16 Mechanical Fasteners

    F2329 Specification for Zinc Coating, Hot-Dip, Requirements for Application to Carbon and Alloy Steel Bolts, Screws, Washers, Nuts, and Special Threaded Fasteners

    ASME Standards

    B18.31.3 Threaded Rods (Inch Series)


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 21.060.10 (Bolts, screws, studs)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 31161600(Bolts); 31163300(Studs)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/A0307-12

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM A307-12, Standard Specification for Carbon Steel Bolts, Studs, and Threaded Rod 60 000 PSI Tensile Strength, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2012, www.astm.org

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