Active Standard ASTM A270 / A270M | Developed by Subcommittee: A01.10
Book of Standards Volume: 01.01
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
This specification covers grades of seamless, welded, and heavily cold worked austenitic and ferritic/austenitic stainless steel sanitary tubing. Seamless tubes shall be manufactured by a process that does not involve welding at any stage. Welded tubes shall be made using an automated welding process with no addition of filler metal during the welding process. Heavily cold worked tubes shall be made by applying cold working of not less than 35% reduction of thickness of both wall and weld to a welded tube prior to the final anneal. No filler shall be used in making the weld. All material shall be furnished in the heat-treated condition. A chemical analysis of either one length of flat-rolled stock or one tube shall be made for each heat. Each tube shall be subjected to mechanical tests like reverse flattening test, hydrostatic test or nondestructive electric test. The following surface finishes may be specified: mill finish, mechanically polished surface finish, finish No. 80, finish No. 120, finish No. 180, finish No. 240, electropolished finish, and maximum roughness average surface finish. Longitudinally polished finish shall be performed on the inside surface only while a circumferential polished finish shall be done on either the inside surface, outside surface, or both.
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1.1 This specification covers grades of seamless, welded, and heavily cold worked welded austenitic and ferritic/austenitic stainless steel sanitary tubing intended for use in the dairy and food industry and having special surface finishes. Pharmaceutical quality may be requested, as a supplementary requirement.
1.2 This specification covers tubes in sizes up to and including 12 in. [300 mm] in outside diameter.
1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.
1.4 Optional supplementary requirements are provided, and when one or more of these are desired, each shall be so stated in the order.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
Other StandardSAEJ1086 Practice for Numbering Metals and Alloys (UNS) Available from Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), 400 Commonwealth Dr., Warrendale, PA 15096-0001, http://www.sae.org.
A262 Practices for Detecting Susceptibility to Intergranular Attack in Austenitic Stainless Steels
A480/A480M Specification for General Requirements for Flat-Rolled Stainless and Heat-Resisting Steel Plate, Sheet, and Strip
A923 Test Methods for Detecting Detrimental Intermetallic Phase in Duplex Austenitic/Ferritic Stainless Steels
A967 Specification for Chemical Passivation Treatments for Stainless Steel Parts
A1016/A1016M Specification for General Requirements for Ferritic Alloy Steel, Austenitic Alloy Steel, and Stainless Steel Tubes
E527 Practice for Numbering Metals and Alloys in the Unified Numbering System (UNS)
ASME StandardB46.1 Surface Texture (Surface Roughness, Waviness, and Lay) Available from American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), ASME International Headquarters, Three Park Ave., New York, NY 10016-5990, http://www.asme.org.
ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel CodeSectionVIII Pressure Vessels
ICS Number Code 23.040.10 (Iron and steel pipes)
UNSPSC Code 40182400(Seamless stainless steel tubes); 40181900(Welded stainless steel tubes)