ASTM A268 / A268M - 10(2016)

    Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Ferritic and Martensitic Stainless Steel Tubing for General Service

    Active Standard ASTM A268 / A268M | Developed by Subcommittee: A01.10

    Book of Standards Volume: 01.01


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    Abstract

    This guide covers standard specification for a number of grades of nominal-wall-thickness, welded ferritic and martensitic stainless steel tubing for general corrosion-resisting and high-temperature service. The steel shall conform to the required chemical composition for carbon, manganese, phosphorus, sulfur, silicon, nickel, chromium, molybdenum, aluminum, copper, nitrogen, titanium, and columbium. The number of tubes in a lot heat treated by the continuous process shall be determined from the size of the tubes. The steel shall conform to the following tensile properties: tensile strength, yield strength, and elongation. The tubes shall have a hardness number that will not exceed the prescribed Brinell and Rockwell hardness values. Several mechanical tests shall be conducted, namely: tension test; flaring test (for seamless tubes); flange test (for welded tubes); hardness test; reverse flattening test; intergranular corrosion test; and hydrostatic or nondestructive electric test.

    This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification2 covers a number of grades of nominal-wall-thickness, stainless steel tubing for general corrosion-resisting and high-temperature service. Most of these grades are commonly known as the “straight-chromium” types and are characterized by being ferromagnetic. Two of these grades, TP410 and UNS S 41500 (Table 1), are amenable to hardening by heat treatment, and the high-chromium, ferritic alloys are sensitive to notch-brittleness on slow cooling to ordinary temperatures. These features should be recognized in the use of these materials. Grade TP439 is used primarily for hot-water tank service and does not require post-weld heat treatment to prevent attack of the heat affected zone.

    TABLE 1  Continued

    Grade

    TP439

    . . .

    . . .

    TP430 Ti

    TP
    XM-27

    TP
    XM-33A

    18Cr-2Mo

    29-4

    29-4-2

    26-3-3

    25-4-4

    ...

    . . .

    . . .

    . . .

    . . .

    TP468

    UNS
    Designation

    S43035

    S43932

    S41500B

    S43036

    S44627

    S44626

    S44400

    S44700

    S44800

    S44660

    S44635

    S44735

    S32803

    S40977

    S43940

    S42035

    S46800

    Element

    Composition, %

    C, max

    0.07

    0.030

    0.05

    0.10

    0.01A

    0.06

    0.025

    0.010

    0.010

    0.030

    0.025

    0.030

    0.015C

    0.03

    0.03

    0.08

    0.030

    Mn, max

    1.00

    1.00

    0.5–1.0

    1.00

    0.40

    0.75

    1.00

    0.30

    0.30

    1.00

    1.00

    1.00

    0.5

    1.50

    1.00

    1.00

    1.00

    P, max

    0.040

    0.040

    0.03

    0.040

    0.02

    0.040

    0.040

    0.025

    0.025

    0.040

    0.040

    0.040

    0.020

    0.040

    0.040

    0.045

    0.040

    S, max

    0.030

    0.030

    0.03

    0.030

    0.02

    0.020

    0.030

    0.020

    0.020

    0.030

    0.030

    0.030

    0.005

    0.015

    0.015

    0.030

    0.030

    Si, max

    1.00

    1.00

    0.60

    1.00

    0.40

    0.75

    1.00

    0.20

    0.20

    1.00

    0.75

    1.00

    0.50

    1.00

    1.00

    1.00

    1.00

    Ni

    0.50 max

    0.50

    3.5–5.5

    0.75 max

    0.5D max

    0.50 max

    1.00 max

    0.15 max

    2.0–2.5

    1.0–3.50

    3.5–4.5

    1.00 max

    3.0–4.0

    0.30–1.00

    . . .

    1.0–2.5

    0.50

    Cr

    17.00–

    17.0–19.0

    11.5–14.0

    16.00–

    25.0–27.5

    25.0–27.0

    17.5–19.5

    28.0–30.0

    28.0–30.0

    25.0–28.0

    24.5–26.0

    28.00–

    28.0–
    29.0

    10.50–
    12.50

    17.50–
    18.50

    13.5–
    15.5

    18.00–
    20.00

     19.00

     

     19.50

     30.00

     

     

     

     

    Mo

    ...

    ...

    0.5–1.0

    ...

    0.75–1.50

    0.75–1.50

    1.75–2.50

    3.5–4.2

    3.5–4.2

    3.0–4.0

    3.5–4.5

    3.60–4.20

    1.8–2.5

    . . .

    . . .

    0.2–1.2

    . . .

    Al, max

    0.15

    0.15

    . . .

    ...

    ...

    ...

    ...

    ...

    ...

    ...

    ...

    ...

    . . .

    . . .

    . . .

    . . .

    . . .

    Cu, max

    ...

    ...

    . . .

    ...

    0.2

    0.20

    ...

    0.15

    0.15

    ...

    ...

    ...

    . . .

    . . .

    . . .

    . . .

    . . .

    N, max

    0.04

    0.030 (Ti + Cb) {0.20 + 4 (C + N)} min.; 0.75 max

    . . .

    ...

    0.015

    0.040

    0.035

    0.020E

    0.020E

    0.040

    0.035

    0.045

    0.020

    0.030

    . . .

    . . .

    0.030

    Ti

    0.20 + 4 (C

     

    . . .

    5 × C min;

    ...

    7 × (C + N)

    (Ti + Cb)

    ...

    ...

    (Ti + Cb) =

    (Ti + Cb) =

    (Ti + Cb) =

    . . .

    . . .

    0.10–0.60

    0.30–0.50

    0.07–0.30

     

     + N) min;

     

     

     0.75 max

     

     but no less

     0.20 + 4

     

     

     0.20–1.00

     0.20 + 4

     0.20–1.00

     

     

     

     

     

     

     1.10 max

     

     

     

     

     than 0.20

     (C + N)

     

     

     and 6 ×

     (C + N)

     and 6 ×

     

     

     

     

     

    A480/A480M Specification for General Requirements for Flat-Rolled Stainless and Heat-Resisting Steel Plate, Sheet, and Strip

    A763 Practices for Detecting Susceptibility to Intergranular Attack in Ferritic Stainless Steels

    A1016/A1016M Specification for General Requirements for Ferritic Alloy Steel, Austenitic Alloy Steel, and Stainless Steel Tubes

    E213 Practice for Ultrasonic Testing of Metal Pipe and Tubing

    E273 Practice for Ultrasonic Testing of the Weld Zone of Welded Pipe and Tubing


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 23.040.10 (Iron and steel pipes)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 40182400(Seamless stainless steel tubes); 40181900(Welded stainless steel tubes)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
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    DOI: 10.1520/A0268_A0268M-10R16

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    Citation Format

    ASTM A268 / A268M-10(2016), Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Ferritic and Martensitic Stainless Steel Tubing for General Service, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2016, www.astm.org

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