ASTM A254 / A254M - 12

    Standard Specification for Copper-Brazed Steel Tubing

    Active Standard ASTM A254 / A254M | Developed by Subcommittee: A01.09

    Book of Standards Volume: 01.01


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    Abstract

    This specification covers double-wall, copper brazed steel tubing suitable for general engineering uses, particularly in the automotive, refrigeration, and stove industries for fuel lines, brake lines, oil lines, heating and cooling units, and the like. The tubing shall be made by rolling steel strip into the form of tubing and subsequently copper brazing in a reducing atmosphere. The steel shall conform to the prescribed chemical composition and shall be subjected to heat analysis and product analysis. Tension, flattening, expansion, bending, and pressure proof tests shall be made in accordance with the specification.

    This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

    Significance and Use

    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification covers double-wall, copper-brazed steel tubing suitable for general engineering uses, particularly in the automotive, refrigeration, and stove industries for fuel lines, brake lines, oil lines, heating and cooling units, and the like. The tubing is available in either of two types, single strip or double strip as shown in Fig. 1.

     Brazed Tubing, Double-Wall, 360-deg Brazed Construction
    FIG. 1 Brazed Tubing, Double-Wall, 360-deg Brazed Construction

    1.2 UnitsóThis specification is expressed in both inch-pounds units and in SI units; however, unless the purchase order or contract specifies the applicable M specification designation (SI units), the inch-pound units shall apply. The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. In this specification hard or rationalized conversions apply to diameters, lengths, and tensile properties. Soft conversion applies to other SI measurements.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    A370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

    A751 Test Methods, Practices, and Terminology for Chemical Analysis of Steel Products

    E30 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Steel, Cast Iron, Open-Hearth Iron, and Wrought Iron

    E59 Practice for Sampling Steel and Iron for Determination of Chemical Composition

    Society of Automotive Engineers Standard

    J533 Flares for Tubing


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 23.040.15 (Non-ferrous metal pipes)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 31351212(Copper welded or brazed tube assemblies)


    DOI: 10.1520/A0254_A0254M-12

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