Active Standard ASTM A159 | Developed by Subcommittee: A04.01
Book of Standards Volume: 01.02
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
This specification covers gray iron castings for products of the automobile, truck, tractor and allied industries. The materials shall be classified into eight grades (G1800, G2500, G3000, G3500, G4000, G2500a, G3500b and G3500c) based on the range of their casting hardness, chemical composition and microstructure. Grades G1800 and G2500 shall be annealed. Alloy gray iron automotive camshafts of grade designation G4000d shall conform to the required values of casting hardness, chemical compositions of chromium, molybdenum, and nickel and microstructure. The cam areas of camshaft casting shall undergo selective hardening by flame or induction hardening and shall conform to the required values of depth and surface hardness.
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1.1 This specification applies to gray iron castings, cast in sand molds, used in the products of the automobile, truck, tractor, and allied industries.
1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A247 Test Method for Evaluating the Microstructure of Graphite in Iron Castings
E10 Test Method for Brinell Hardness of Metallic Materials
Military StandardMIL-STD-129 Marking for Shipment and Storage Available from Standardization Documents Order Desk, DODSSP, Bldg. 4, Section D, 700 Robbins Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19111-5098, http://www.dodssp.daps.mil.
Federal StandardFed.Std.No.123 Marking for Shipment (Civil Agencies)
ICS Number Code 77.140.80 (Iron and steel castings)
UNSPSC Code 31101617(Grey iron sand casting)