This specification covers martensitic chromium stainless steel forgings, forged bars, and forging stock for high-temperature service. The mechanical properties are developed by suitable heat treatment, as indicated for each alloy. Steel materials shall be manufactured by melting and forging processes, and heat treatments, that shall consist of austenizing, quenching, tempering, and stress relieving. Stainless steels may then be furnished in one of the following hot-finished conditions: as forged without descaling; forged and descaled; rough turned or rough machined. Specimens shall conform to required chemical compositions. Forgings shall undergo tension, impact, stress rapture, and hardness tests, and should conform to mechanical properties prescribed for individual grades and classes. These mechanical properties are: tensile strength, yield strength, elongation, reduction of area, impact strength, and Brinell and Rockwell hardness.
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1.1 This specification covers martensitic chromium stainless steel forgings, forged bar, and forging stock for high temperature service. The mechanical properties are developed by suitable heat treatment, as indicated for each alloy.
1.2 This specification is expressed in both inch-pound units and in SI units; however, unless the purchase order or contract specifies the applicable M specification designation (SI units), the inch-pound units shall apply. The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard.
1.3 Supplementary requirements of an optional nature are provided for use at the option of the purchaser. The supplementary requirements shall apply only when specified individually by the purchaser in the purchase order or contract.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A275/A275M Practice for Magnetic Particle Examination of Steel Forgings
A370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products
A788/A788M Specification for Steel Forgings, General Requirements
E112 Test Methods for Determining Average Grain Size
E292 Test Methods for Conducting Time-for-Rupture Notch Tension Tests of Materials
E381 Method of Macroetch Testing Steel Bars, Billets, Blooms, and Forgings
E562 Test Method for Determining Volume Fraction by Systematic Manual Point Count
martensitic stainless steel; stainless steel billets; stainless steel forgings; High-temperature service applications--steel forgings; Martensitic stainless steel forgings--specifications; Stainless steel bars/billets--specifications; Stainless steel forgings--specifications;
ICS Number Code 77.140.85 (Iron and steel forgings)
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