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September/October 2009
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A broom is used to apply a methacrylate bonding system as described in the proposed new standard WK24405.

Proposed New Standards

The following four proposed new standards are among those currently being developed by subcommittees under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee C09 on Concrete and Concrete Aggregates. Subject matter covered by these standards includes aggregate resistivity, lightweight aggregates, methacrylate bonding systems and semi-adiabatic calorimetry.

All interested parties are invited to participate in the standards activities of Committee C09 subcommittees.

Aggregate Resistivity

Reinforcement embedded in embankment walls during construction is affected by the environment’s resistance to corrosion. A proposed new test method will be useful in measuring how resistant the aggregate used for such reinforcement will be. WK24621, Test Method for Measurement of Aggregate Resistivity Using the Two-Electrode Soil Box Method, is being developed by Subcommittee C09.20 on Normal Weight Aggregates.

John Yzenas, director of technical services, Edward C. Levy Co., and a member of Committee C09, says that, in addition to Subcommittee C09.20, Subcommittee G01.10 on Corrosion in Soils, part of ASTM International Committee G01 on Corrosion of Metals, has also been involved in the development of WK24621.

“G01.10’s original work resolved many questions that previous test methods had left unanswered, such as adequate description of 100 percent saturation, ability to test various size materials and testing materials in ‘as-received’ condition,” says Yzenas. “This proposed test method is a variation of G01.10’s work, dealing specifically with aggregate.”

Yzenas notes that, upon its approval, WK24621 will be useful to designers, specifiers and testing companies because current corrosion test methods are based on soils and may not adequately characterize aggregates.

Lightweight Aggregates

The proposed new standard, WK23421, Specification for Lightweight Aggregates for Internal Curing Applications, is being developed by Subcommittee C09.21 on Lightweight Aggregates and Concrete because lightweight aggregates are used differently during the internal curing process than when they are used for other purposes.

“Instead of using lightweight aggregates to reduce the density of the concrete, the pre-wetted or preconditioned lightweight aggregates are used in relatively small quantities in high performance normal weight concrete to provide internal moisture reservoirs throughout the cross-section of the concrete,” says Jeffrey Speck, vice president, sales and marketing, Big River Industries Inc., and chair of C09.21.

Speck says that users of WK23421, once it is approved, will be design engineers who are designing structures built of concrete with a very low water/cementitious materials ratio and by concrete producers supplying the concrete for such structures.

Highway engineers will also find the proposed standard useful because lightweight aggregates used for internal curing are proving to be effective in reducing concrete pavement cracking.

Methacrylate Bonding Systems

Methacrylate is used to strengthen and fortify finely cracked concrete and to minimize the ingress of contaminants such as chlorides and deicing salts that could further degrade concrete. Once approved, a proposed new standard, WK24405, Specification for Reactive Methacrylate Bonding Systems for Concrete, will provide guidance on relevant properties for these bonding systems and how to evaluate such properties to enable users to determine acceptable material performance.

WK24405 is being developed by Subcommittee C09.25 on Organic Materials for Bonding. According to Quentin Hibben, senior research chemist, Simpson Strong-Tie Anchor Systems, and a member of the subcommittee, the proposed new standard will primarily be used by specifiers, engineers and material producers for bridge maintenance, parking deck and airport tarmac projects. Departments of transportation could also potentially use the proposed standard for a variety of projects.

Hibben notes that the subcommittee is seeking input and guidance for relevant properties and acceptable values for low viscosity methacrylate-based resin systems as well as assistance in reproducibility testing.

Semi-Adiabatic Calorimetry

Thermal measurements of hydrating cementitious mixtures, referred to as semi-adiabatic calorimetry, can be used to evaluate behavior of concrete mixtures and concrete-making materials as well as for troubleshooting certain types of abnormal concrete performance. Interest in using SAC for these purposes has grown in recent years, along with increased availability of both generic hardware that can be used for SAC and manufactured systems designed specifically for the process.

A proposed new standard, WK23967, Practice for Measuring Hydration Kinetics of Hydraulic Cementitious Mixtures Using Semi-Adiabatic Calorimetry, will help guide users in planning and implementing productive SAC testing programs for concrete mixture evaluation. WK23967 is being developed by Subcommittee C09.48 on Performance of Cementitious Materials and Admixture Combinations.

Tim Cost, senior technical service engineer, Holcim (US) Inc., and chair of the task group that is developing the practice, says that, when approved, WK23967 will provide standard protocols for conducting tests that will help assure meaningful and repeatable results and will help users avoid methods and test conditions that have been shown to produce confusing or misleading data. The proposed standard will be used by ready-mixed concrete producers, suppliers of concrete-making materials, contractors, testing firms, researchers and academia.

C09.48 Subcommittee Chair Doug Hooton, University of Toronto, says that this new practice will help both suppliers of materials and concrete producers to pinpoint the source of fresh concrete problems in increasingly complex concrete mixtures and can be used to help prevent future problems as materials properties, mixture proportions and placing temperatures change.

CONTACT

Technical Information: (WK24621) John Yzenas, Edward C. Levy Co., Valparaiso, Ind.

Phone: 219-462-2924

(WK23421) Jeffrey Speck, Big River Industries Inc., Alpharetta, Ga.

Phone: 678-461-2830

(WK24405) Quentin Hibben, Simpson Strong-Tie Anchor Systems, Addison, Ill.

Phone: 630-613-5126

(WK23967) Tim Cost, Holcim (US) Inc., Canton, Miss.

Phone: 601-856-2487

ASTM Staff: Scott Orthey

Phone: 610-832-9730