STP976

    Chemical and Biological Characterization of Municipal Sludges, Sediments, Dredge Spoils, and Drilling Muds

    Lichtenberg JJ, Winter JA, Weber CI, Fradkin L
    Published: 1988


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    Papers present the state of the art in sludge sampling, sample preservation, validated methods for monitoring, and strategies for monitoring and field assessment. USEPA representatives describe the status of regulations and analytical needs related to characterization and regulation of sludge, sediment, and waste streams. Topics include quality assurance, sampling, organic and inorganic chemical methods, aquatic biological microbiological, and virological methods and risk assessment.


    Table of Contents

    Overview

    Sludge and Risk Assessment

    U.S. Sludge Management Guidelines Explained

    Status of the U.S. EPA's Sediment Quality Criteria Development Effort

    Regional and State Needs in Sampling and Analytical Methodology

    Sediment Reference Materials and the Canadian Marine Analytical Chemistry Standards Program

    A Computerized Data Management System for U.S. EPA QA/QC Methods

    The Variographic Experiment: An Essential Test for Optimizing Sampling Methodology in Monitoring Streams

    A Demonstration of a Universal Kriging Program for Monitoring Sediments in Lakes

    Comparative Study of Methods for Estimating Bioavailable Particulate Phosphorus

    Characterization of Trace Metal Associations with Polluted Marine Sediments by Selective Extractions

    Distribution of Heavy Metals in Sewage Sludge: The Effect of Particle Size

    An Examination of Methods for the Concentration of Suspended Sediment for Direct Metal Analysis

    Interpretation of bed Sediment Trace Metal Data: Methods for Dealing with the Grain Size Effect

    Development, Evaluation, and Use of the Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP)

    Development of New Jersey State Approved Methods for the Analysis of Sludge

    Use of Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry to Monitor Selected Priority Pollutant Levels in Landfill Simulator Leachates

    Method Development for the Determination of Formaldehyde in Samples of Environmental Origin

    Total, Extractable, and Leachable Organic Halides in Soil and Sediments

    Trace Organic Analysis of Suspended Sediments Collected with an In-Stream Composite Sampler: The Need for a Standard Method

    Determination of Polychlorinated Compounds (Dioxins, Furans, and Biphenyls) by Level of Chlorination with Automated Interpretation of Mass Spectrometric Data

    Organic Chemical Waste Characterization for Marine Disposal of Black Rock Harbor Dredged Materials

    Analysis for Diesel Oil Components in Drilling Fluids

    Application of Analytical Pyrolysis and Cupric Oxide Oxidation to Characterization of Nonextractable Organic Constitutents in Drilling Fluids and Sediments

    Perspective on Risk of Waterborne Enteric Virus Infections

    Round Robin Testing of Methods for the Recovery of Human Enteroviruses from Wastewater Sludges and Sewage Amended Soils—ASTM Consensus Standards Development

    Thermal Inactivation of Human Enteric Viruses in Sewage Sludge and Virus Detection by Nitrose Cellulose-Enzyme Immunoassay

    Recovery of Naturally Occurring Rotaviruses during Sewage Treatment

    Mutagenic Potential of Municipal Sewage Sludge and Sludge Amended Soil

    Stream Impact Assessments Using Sediment Microbial Activity Tests

    Biochemical Characterization of Estuarine Benthic Microbial Communities for Use in Assessing Pollution Impacts

    Variability of the Acute Toxicity of Drilling Fluids to Mysids (Mysidopsis bahia)

    Toxicity Testing of Drilling Fluids: Assessing Laboratory Performance and Variability

    Acute Toxicity and Hydrocarbon Composition of a Water-Based Drilling Mud Containing Diesel Fuel or Mineral Oil Additives

    Marine Sediment Toxicity Tests

    Toxicity of U.S. Waterway Sediments with Particular Reference to the New York Harbor Area

    Toxicity Testing of Dredged Materials Using Multiple-Species Microcosms

    Selecting an Appropriate Method for Estimating the Sediment Oxygen Demand Rate

    Use of Benthic Oxygen Flux Measurements in Wasteload Allocation Studies

    Analytical Methods Necessary to Implement Risk-Based Criteria for Chemicals in Municipal Sludge

    The Regulation of Sludge Disposal Through Application of Risk Assessment Techniques

    Microbiological Risk Assessment for Land Application of Municipal Sludge

    Assessment of Risks Associated with Enteric Viruses in Contaminated Drinking Water

    Author Index

    Subject Index


    Committee: D19

    DOI: 10.1520/STP976-EB

    ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5047-8

    ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-0987-2

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    0-8031-0987-3
    978-0-8031-0987-2
    STP976-EB