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    STP920

    Community Toxicity Testing

    Cairns J
    Published: 1986


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    This book offers the reader a series of case histories of actual use of complex test systems together with a discussion of their advantages and disadvantages. A substantial amount of information and methodology is provided that can be used in the validation process at the community level of biological organization.


    Table of Contents

    Overview

    Evaluation of the Use of Community Similarity Techniques As Applied to Phytoplankton Communities

    Some Methods for Measuring Effects of Toxicants on Laboratory- and Field-Colonized Estuarine Benthic Communities

    Comparison of Estimates of Hazard Derived at Three Levels of Complexity

    Discussion

    Community-Level Effects of Coyote Population Reduction

    The Sea Urchin: Bioassay for the Assessment of Damage from Environmental Contaminants

    Preliminary Results of Interlaboratory Testing of a Standardized Aquatic Microcosm

    Discussion

    A Microcosm Procedure for Determining Safe Levels of Chemical Exposure in Shallow-Water Communities

    A Comparison of Mixed Flask Culture and Standardized Laboratory Model Ecosystems for Toxicity Testing

    Evaluation of Simple Generic Aquatic Ecosystem Tests to Screen the Ecological Impacts of Pesticides

    Population and Guild Analysis for Interpretation of Heavy Metal Pollution in Streams

    Impact of Drilling Fluids on Seagrasses: An Experimental Community Approach

    A Simple In-Stream Test of Laboratory Findings that NTA Protects Fish and Invertebrates Against Copper and Zinc

    Discussion

    Effect of 3-Trifluoromethyl-4-Nitrophenol on the Structure and Function of Protozoan Communities Established on Artificial Substrates

    Structural and Functional Response of Natural Phytoplankton and Periphyton Communities to a Cationic Surfactant with Considerations on Environmental Fate

    Use of Limnocorrals in Evaluating the Effects of Pesticides on Zooplankton Communities

    Zooplankton Community Responses to Synthetic Oil Exposure

    Production of Coexisting Juvenile Coho Salmon and Steelhead Trout in Heated Model Stream Communities

    Author Index

    Subject Index


    Committee: D19

    DOI: 10.1520/STP920-EB

    ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-4985-4

    ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-0488-4

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    0-8031-0488-X
    978-0-8031-0488-4
    STP920-EB