STP840

    Oil Spill Chemical Dispersants Research, Experience, and Recommendations

    Allen TE
    Published: 1984


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    Contains 27 papers divided into four sections: laboratory toxicity and effectiveness testing; field effectiveness; fate and effects; and contingency planning and guidelines. Addresses when dispersants should be used; the results of the dispersant application; and the short-term; and long-term costs to the environment.


    Table of Contents

    Introduction

    Summary

    A Laboratory Approach for Determining the Effect of Oils and Dispersants on Mangroves

    Toxicity Testing with Constant or Decreasing Concentrations of Chemically Dispersed Oil

    Uniform Methods for Exposure Regimes in Aquatic Toxicology Experiments with Chemically Dispersed Oils

    Measurement and Prediction of the Effectiveness of Oil Spill Chemical Dispersants

    The Status of the Warren Spring Laboratory's Rolling Flask Test

    A View of the Mackay and Labofina Laboratory Tests for Assessing Dispersant Effectiveness with Regard to Performance at Sea

    A Review of the Relationship Between the Characteristics of Spilled Oil and Dispersant Effectiveness

    The Drop-Weight Interfacial Tension Method for Predicting Dispersant Performance

    Effectiveness of Oil Spill Dispersants at Low Salinities and Low Water Temperatures

    Chemical Oil Dispersion in Trials at Sea and in Laboratory Tests: The Key Role of Dilution Processes

    The Use of Remote Sensing in the Determination of Dispersant Effectiveness

    An Evaluation Program for Aerially Applied Dispersants

    Treatment of Oil Spill Fire Hazards with Chemical Dispersants: A Case History

    The Toxicity of Oil Spill Dispersants to Marine Organisms: A Current Perspective

    The Effects of Dispersants on Incorporation of Volatile Liquid Hydrocarbons into the Water Column

    Recommended Methods for Testing the Fate and Effects of Dispersed Oil in Marine Sediments

    Comparison of the Fate and Ecological Effects of Dispersed and Nondispersed Oil in a Variety of Intertidal Habitats

    Tidal Area Dispersant Project: Fate of Dispersed and Undispersed Oil in Two Nearshore Test Spills

    Effects of Test Spills of Chemically Dispersed and Nondispersed Oil on the Activity of Aspartate Aminotransferase and Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase in Two Intertidal Bivalves, Mya arenaria and Mytilus edulis

    The Toxicity of Oil and Chemically Dispersed Oil to the Seagrass Thalassia testudinum

    Experimental Use of Dispersants for Spill Countermeasures on Arctic Beaches

    The Comparative Fate of Chemically Dispersed and Untreated Oils in an Arctic Nearshore Environment

    Ecological Considerations for the Use of Dispersants in Oil Spill Response

    Development and Implementation of Guidelines for Dispersant Use: Regional Response Teams

    A Mathematical Model for Predicting the Ecological Impact of Treated and Untreated Oil Spills

    Oil Spill Dispersants: Does South Africa Have an Alternative?

    A Multifaceted Approach to Applying Dispersants

    Subject Index

    Name Index


    Committee: F20

    DOI: 10.1520/STP840-EB

    ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-4906-9

    ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-0400-6

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    0-8031-0400-6
    978-0-8031-0400-6
    STP840-EB