Laser Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1981

    Bennett HE, Guenther AH, Milam D, Newnam BE
    Published: 1983

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    The Proceedings contain the papers presented at the Thirteenth Symposium on Optical Materials for High Power Lasers held at the National Bureau of Standards (NBS) in Boulder, Colorado, on November 17–18, 1981. The Symposium was jointly sponsored by the National Bureau of Standards, the American Society for Testing and Materials, the Office of Naval Research, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, the Department of Energy, and the Air Force Office of Scientific Research. The Symposium was attended by approximately 200 scientists from the United States, the United Kingdom, Japan, France, West Germany, the Peoples Republic of China, Sweden, and the USSR. It was divided into sessions devoted to the following topics: Materials and Measurements, Mirrors and Surfaces, Thin Films, and finally Fundamental Mechanisms. The Symposium Co-Chairmen were Dr. Harold E. Bennett of the Naval Weapons Center, Dr. Arthur H. Guenther of the Air Force Weapons Laboratory, Dr. David Milam of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, and Dr. Brian E. Newnam of the Los Alamos National Laboratory. They also served as editors of this report. Dr. Alexander J. Glass of KMS Fusion acts as Conference Treasurer with Aaron A. Sanders of the National Bureau of Standards as the Conference Coordinator.

    Table of Contents

    Laser Induced Damage in Optical Materials Thirteenth ASTM Symposium November 17–18, 1981

    Transparent Polymers as a New Class of Optical Materials for Lasers

    Survey of 1.3 μm Window Materials Continued

    Multispectral Chemically Vapor-Deposited ZnS: An Initial Characterization

    Progress in The Development of Multispectral Glasses Based on The Fluorides of Heavy Metals

    Optical Damage, Nonlinear Transmission, and Doubling Efficiency in LiIO3

    Studies of Laser-Produced Damage to Transparent Optical Material in the UV Region and in Crossed UV-IR Beams

    Laser Damage Measurements at 492 nm Using a Flashlamp-Pumped Dye Laser

    Accumulation and Laser Damage in Optical Glasses

    Laser Damage of Crystalline Silicon by Multiple 1.06μm, Picosecond Pulses

    A Technique for Increasing the Optical Strength of Single-Crystal NaCl and KCl Through Temperature Cycling

    Improving the Bulk Laser-Damage Resistance of KDP by Baking and Pulsed Laser Irradiation

    Surface-to-Bulk Optical Absorption on Uncoated Sapphire and Zinc Selenide Using Photoacoustic Chopping Frequency Studies

    Calorimetric Measurement of Temperature Dependent Absorption in Copper

    Reversible and Irreversible Changes in NaCl and KCl Absorption During Multiple Pulse 10.6 μm Irradiation

    Intensity Dependent Absorption and Laser Induced Catastrophic Damage in Diamond Turned and Mechanically Polished Cu Mirrors at 1.06 μm

    Thermo-Optic Coefficient (∂n/∂T) of 1.3 μm Laser Window Materials

    Polarization Sensitive Laser Calorimetry

    Polarization Monitor For Thin Film Depositions

    Cavity Phase Shift Method For High Reflectance Measurements

    Instrumentation of a Variable Angle Scatterometer

    Development of Laser Mirrors of Very High Reflectivity Using the Cavity-Attenuated Phase-Shift (CAPS) Method

    Damage Thresholds to Metal Mirrors by Short-Pulse CO2 Laser Radiation

    Laser Damage to Metal Mirrors at Nonormal Incidence

    Directed Energy Production of Novel Metallic Surfaces

    The Effect of the Treatment and Ageing on KC1 Surface Breakdown Threshold

    Surface Finishing Using Soft Abrasives

    Effects of Deuterium Treatments on the Optical Properties of Fused Silica

    Laser Desorption Analysis of H2O and Other Contaminants from Optical Surfaces

    Electrostatic Technology for Control of Dust and Hydrocarbon Vapors in High Power Laser Systems

    Laser Mirror Operation at Cryogenic Temperatures

    Dimensional Stability of Zerodur and ULE Mirrors Undergoing Thermal Cycling

    Thermo-Elastic Action of the Powerful High Pepetition Rate Laser Radiations on the Solid State Surface

    The Promising Use of Some Heat Carriers in High Intensity Laser Optics

    Laser Damage Thresholds of Thin Film Optical Coatings at 248 nm

    Effects of Undercoats and Overcoats on Damage Thresholds of 248 nm Coatings

    Laser Damage Results and Analyses for Ultraviolet Reflectors Under Multiple-Shot Irradiation

    Multiple-Shot Ultraviolet Laser Damage Resistance of Nonquarterwave Reflector Designs for 248 nm

    Degradation of Dielectric Films by XeF Excimer Intermediates

    Pulsed D2 - F2 Chain-Laser Damage To Coated Window and Mirror Components

    Influence of Cleaning Solvents, Sunlight, Humidity, and HF Gas on Pulsed Damage and Optical Characteristics of 3.8-μm Multilayer Coatings

    Index, Thickness and Birefringence of Thin Films by Guided Waves

    Sensitive Technique for Measuring Apparent Optical Figure Error Caused by Coating Nonuniformity

    Limits to the Validity of Evaluating a Quarter-Wave, High-Reflectance Multilayer Through Analysis of Its Secondary Structure

    Graded-index Antireflective Coatings for High Power Lasers Deposited by the Sol-Gel Process

    Selective and Uniform Laser-Induced Failure of Antireflection-Coated LiNbO3 Surfaces

    A Review of 1064-nm Damage Tests of Electron-Beam Deposited Ta2O5/SiO2 Antireflection Coatings

    Preparation of Thin Amorphous Films by E-Beam Evaporation from Multiple Sources

    Improved Si-Based Coating Materials for High Power Infrared Lasers

    Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon Films: Preparation, Characterization, Absorption, and Laser-Damage Resistance

    Optical Properties of Hydrogenated Amorphous Carbon (a-C:H) - a Hard Coating for IR-Optical Elements

    Studies of Diamond-Like Carbon Coatings for Protection of Optical Components

    The Deposition of Diamondlike Carbon Thin Films on CaF2

    Relationship Between Coating Defects and the Limiting Flux Density a Cooled Laser Mirror Can Withstand

    A Predictive Tool for Evaluating the Effect of Multiple Defects on the Performance of Cooled Laser Mirrors

    Preliminary Experimental Results of Spot Size Scaling in Laser Induced Damage to Optical Coatings

    Recent Progress in the Studies of Laser-Induced Intrinsic Damage of Transparent Solids: Deterrent Lack Effect of Seed Electrons in Avalanche Ionization Process

    Quantum Theory of Multiphoton Free Carrier Absorption At High Intensities in Compound Semiconductors

    Comment on “Intense-field Effects in Solids”

    Effects of Higher Order Nonlinearities on Second Order Frequency Mixing

    The Use of Self-Focusing in the Prevention of Laser-Induced Damage

    Nonlinear Refractive Coefficient and Self-Focusing Damage in Glasses

    Nonlinear Absorption and Self-Defocusing of Intense IR-Laser Radiation in Semiconductors Due to Generation of Free Carriers

    Two-and Three-Photon Absorption in Semiconductors with Subsequent Absorption by Photogenerated Carriers

    Simple Theory of Microwave Absorption in Alkali Halides

    Increased Breakdown Thresholds in Air by Admixing an Electronegative Gas


    Committee: F01

    DOI: 10.1520/STP799-EB

    ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-4865-9

    ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-0708-3

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