Mechanism of Concussion in Sports

    Ashare Alan, Ziejewski Mariusz
    Published: 2014

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    Seventeen peer-reviewed papers examine the science of the mechanism of concussion that occurs in sports. This new research could lead to the development of techniques and methods that would help decrease the risk, as well as prevent sports related concussions.

    Topics cover:

    Understanding Concussive Forces—measuring direct head impacts by using electromechanically activated force switches; comparison of large and small impact striker on dynamic response of Hybrid III headform; effects of impactor mass on the dynamic impact response and brain tissue deformation; Head Impact Technology severity profile (HIPsp)

    Techniques to Decrease Concussive Forces—need for sport helmet intended specifically for children; development of a helmet to minimize head injury risk in head impacts in football; need to change the current threshold of the Gmax; evaluation of ice hockey helmets; and more.

    Injury Field Data and Coaching/Training Techniques—determination of the most common types of ice hockey injuries and discussion of “Fair Play”.

    Table of Contents

    Comparative Analysis for the Measurement of Head Accelerations in Ice Hockey Helmets Using Non-Accelerometer Based Systems
    Crossman D., Foreman S.

    The Influence of Striker Cap Size on the Dynamic Response of a Hybrid III Headform
    Anna Oeur R., Blaine Hoshizaki T., Dawson L.

    The Influence of Impactor Mass on the Dynamic Response of the Hybrid III Headform and Brain Tissue Deformation
    Gilchrist M., Hoshizaki T., Karton C.

    The Effects of Player Anticipation and Involvement on Head Impact Biomechanics in College Football Body Collisions
    Guskiewicz K., Mihalik J., Moise K., Ocwieja K., Register-Mihalik J.

    The Influence of Impact Angle on the Dynamic Response of a Hybrid III Headform and Brain Tissue Deformation
    Gilchrist M., Hoshizaki B., Oeur A.

    Performance Criteria for a Child-Specific Helmet
    Bishop P., Hoshizaki B., Kendall M., Post A.

    Development of an Advanced Football Helmet to Provide Increased Protection against Concussion
    Cripton P., Dennison C., Dressler D.

    Impact Attenuation Values and Prevention of Head Injuries on Sports Fields: Do Athletes Deserve Protection the Same As or Better Than in an Automobile Crash?
    Huber R.

    The Analysis of a Helmeted Human Head Under Ballistic Impact Loads
    Azarmi F., Karami G., Rezaei A., Salimi Jazi M., Ziejewski M.

    The Effect of Shoulder Pad Design on Reducing Peak Resultant Linear and Rotational Acceleration in Shoulder-to-Head Impacts
    Hoshizaki T., Kendall M., Post A., Rousseau P.

    Helmet Shape and Size Considerations in Short Track Speed Skating Crash Pad Impacts
    Clarke A., Maw S., Morris A.

    Evaluation of Dynamic Response and Brain Deformation Metrics for a Helmeted and Non-Helmeted Hybrid III Headform Using a Monorail Centric/Non-Centric Protocol
    Gilchrist M., Hoshizaki T., Kendall M., Marino W., Nishizaki K., Oeur A., Post A., Walsh E.

    Incidence Rate of Sport-Related Traumatic Brain Injury Diagnoses in the General Population: An Analysis of Emergency Department Visits in 2001 and 2010
    Rodowicz K., Watson H.

    For ASTM F-08: Protective Capacity of Ice Hockey Player Helmets against Puck Impacts
    Gilchrist M., Hoshizaki T., Rousseau P.

    Epidemiology of Ice Hockey Injury Research Using Reliable Exposure Time Software
    Gaz D., Larson D., Smith A., Stuart M., Twardowski C.

    Catastrophic Ice Hockey Registry: USA Hockey and Mayo Clinic
    Gaz D., Stuart M.

    Hockey Education Program: Fair Play Implementation Issues and a Feasible Solution
    Gaz D., Margenau D., Smith A., Stuart M., Twardowski C.

    Author and Subject Index

    Committee: F08

    DOI: 10.1520/STP1552-EB

    ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-7582-2

    ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-7538-9

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.