Automotive Lubricant Testing and Advanced Additive Development

    Tung Simon, Kinker Bernard, Woydt Mathias
    Published: 2008

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    Twelve peer-reviewed papers focus on both the chemical and tribological aspects of automotive lubricant testing and additive development. In order to help the automotive industry meet lower emission standards, higher fuel economy goals, and longer drain intervals associated with a minimization of any adverse environmental effects, the petroleum industries and the additive suppliers are developing low SAPS (sulfated ash, phosphorus, and sulfur) and high tribological performance lubricants to meet these challenges.

    These papers cover:
    • Impact of additive and base oil on engine oil characteristics
    • Low SAPS lubricant development and testing
    • Link between additive chemistry and emissions.
    • Tribological performance issues such as fuel economy retention, wear protection, and friction reduction
    • Powertrain developments
    • Industrial standard tests methods for lubricant oxidation
    • Various surface engineering applicators in practice

    Table of Contents

    A Review of Engine Oil Oxidation Bench Tests and Their Application in the Screening of New Antioxidant Systems for Low Phosphorus Engine Oils
    Burris T., Cobb T., Featherstone M., Gatto V., Moehle W., Schneller E.

    Viscometric Temperature Sensitivity of Engine Lubricants at Low Temperature and Moderately High Shear Conditions
    Henderson K., Maggi C.

    No/Low SAP and Alternative Engine Oil Development and Testing
    Woydt M.

    Synergistic Tribological Performances of Borate Additive in Lubricants
    Hu J., Hu Y., Liu G., Ma Y.

    The “Practice Relevant Pitting Test”—A New Improved Test Method to Evaluate the Influence of Lubricants on the Pitting Load Capacity of Case Carburized Gears
    Höhn B., Oster P., Radev T., Tobie T.

    ROBO—A Bench Procedure to Replace Sequence IIINGA Engine Test
    Kinker B., Palmer P., Romaszewski R.

    Mechanochemical Additive-Assisted Reconditioning Effects and Mechanism on Worn Ferrous Surfaces
    He Y., Shenghua L., Yuansheng J.

    Study of the ZDDP Antiwear Tribofilm Formed on the DLC Coating Using AFM and XPS Techniques
    Arrawsmith S., Haque T., Kapadia R., Morina A., Neville A.

    Validation of Oxidative Stability of Factory Fill and Alternative Engine Oils Using the Iron Catalyzed Oxidation Test
    Fitamen E., Tiquet L., Waydt M.

    Additive and Base Oil Effects in Automatic Particle Counters
    McCambridge M., Michael P., Wanke T.

    Design of Functionalized PAMA Viscosity Modifiers to Reduce Friction and Wear in Lubricating Oils
    Fan J., Müller M., Spikes H.

    Surface Characterization Techniques in Wear of Materials
    Ishibashi K., Miyoshi K., Suzuki M.

    Committee: D02

    DOI: 10.1520/STP1501-EB

    ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-6252-5

    ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-4505-4

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.