Elemental Analysis of Fuels and Lubricants: Recent Advances and Future Prospects

    Nadkarni RAK
    Published: 2005

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    Twenty-three peer-reviewed papers examine the latest information on the elemental analysis of fuels and lubricants. Six sections cover:

    Overview—discusses total quality management practices advocated for obtaining a "perfect" analysis, including proper staff training, sampling, calibration and quality control practices.

    Atomic Spectroscopy—focuses on various aspects of inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES), mass spectrometry, and isotope dilution mass spectrometry.

    X-Ray Spectroscopy—deals with X-ray fluorescence (XRF), including the determination of sulfur in gasoline and diesel, high-power and low-power wavelength dispersive x-ray fluorescence (WDXRFs), and bench top energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF).

    Sulfur Analysis—examines the analyses of low levels of sulfur in petroleum products, particularly gasoline, reformulated gasoline, and diesel; and applications of on-line technology for sulfur determination in fuels.

    Mercury Determination—addresses concerns regarding the mercury content of crude oils and its emission through the petroleum refining process.

    Other Heteroatoms—discusses the use of atomic emission detection using gas chromatography (AED-GS) to determine elements such as carbon, nitrogen, etc., and much more.

    Table of Contents

    Zen and the Art (or is it Science) of a Perfect Analysis
    Nadkarni R.

    Analysis of Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Samples by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES), Using Pneumatic Nebulizer and Standard Spray Chamber
    Onyeso C.

    Elemental Analysis of Lubricating Grease by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES)
    Fox B.

    The Use of Microwave Digestion and ICP to Determine Elements in Petroleum Samples
    Horton M., Hwang J., Leong D.

    Advances in ICP-MS Technologies for Characterization and Ultra-Trace Speciation as a Tool for the Petroleum Industry
    Mason K., McElroy F., Mennito A., Paszek J.

    Direct Trace and Ultra-Trace Metals Determination in Crude Oil and Fractions by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry
    Donard O., Dreyfus S., Lienemann C., Magnier C., Pécheyran C., Prinzhofer A.

    Fuel Analysis by Filter Furnace Electrothermal Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
    Katskov D., Ngobeni P., Priola M., Ricchiuto S., Tittarelli P.

    Rotrode Filter Spectroscopy: A Recently Improved Method to Detect and Analyze Large Wear and Contaminant Particles in Fluids
    Anderson D., Lukas M., Yurko R.

    Trace Levels of Sulfur in the Fuels of the Future: Analytical Perspective
    Nadkarni R.

    Analysis of Fuels, Lubricants, and Greases Using X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    Brouwer P., Vrebos B., Wolska J.

    Determination of Sulfur Content in Crude Oil Using On-Li ne X-ray Transmission Technology
    Fess S.

    Low-Level Sulfur in Fuel Determination Using Monochromatic WD XRF—ASTM D 7039-04
    Beumer B., Chen Z., Radley I., Wei F.

    Latest Improvements on Using Polarized X-Ray Excitation EDXRF for the Analysis of Low Sulfur Content in Automotive Fuel
    Wissmann D.

    Rapid Determination of Suifur in Liquid Hydrocarbons for At-Line Process Applications Using Combustion/Oxidation and UV-Fluorescence Detection
    Crnko J., Tarkanic S.

    Pyro-Electrochemical On-Line Ultra Low Sulfur Analyzer
    Rhodes J.

    DP-SCD and LTMGC for Determination of Low Sulfur Levels in Hydrocarbons
    Gras R., Luong J., Mustacich R., Shearer R.

    Sampling and Analysis of Mercury in Crude Oil
    Kariher P., Kirchgessner D., Liang L., Wilhelm S.

    Determination of Total Mercury in Crude Oil by Combustion Cold Vapor Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (CVAAS)
    Fox B., Mason K., McElroy F.

    Mercury Measurements in Fossil Fuels, Particularly Petrochemicals
    Bryce D., Corns W., Stockwell P.

    Recent Advances in Gas Chromatographic/Atomic Emission Hetero-Atom Selective Detection for Characterization of Petroleum Streams and Products
    Di Sanzo F., Diehl J.

    Improvements in the Determination of Fluorine in Fuel and Lubricants by Oxidative Combustion and Ion-Selective Electrode Detection
    Nash L.

    Phosphorus Additive Chemistry and Its Effects on the Phosphorus Volatility of Engine Oils
    Bosch R., Fee D., Selby T.

    Analysis of the Volatiles Generated During the Selby-Noack Test by 31P NMR Spectroscopy
    Bosch R., Fee D., Selby T.

    Author Index

    Subject Index

    Committee: D02

    DOI: 10.1520/STP1468-EB

    ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5509-1

    ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-3494-2

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