Twenty-three peer-reviewed papers examine the latest information on the elemental analysis of fuels and lubricants. Six sections cover:
Overviewdiscusses total quality management practices advocated for obtaining a "perfect" analysis, including proper staff training, sampling, calibration and quality control practices.
Atomic Spectroscopyfocuses on various aspects of inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES), mass spectrometry, and isotope dilution mass spectrometry.
X-Ray Spectroscopydeals with X-ray fluorescence (XRF), including the determination of sulfur in gasoline and diesel, high-power and low-power wavelength dispersive x-ray fluorescence (WDXRFs), and bench top energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF).
Sulfur Analysisexamines the analyses of low levels of sulfur in petroleum products, particularly gasoline, reformulated gasoline, and diesel; and applications of on-line technology for sulfur determination in fuels.
Mercury Determinationaddresses concerns regarding the mercury content of crude oils and its emission through the petroleum refining process.
Other Heteroatomsdiscusses the use of atomic emission detection using gas chromatography (AED-GS) to determine elements such as carbon, nitrogen, etc., and much more.
The Use of Microwave Digestion and ICP to Determine Elements in Petroleum Samples
Horton M., Hwang J., Leong D.
Advances in ICP-MS Technologies for Characterization and Ultra-Trace Speciation as a Tool for the Petroleum Industry
Mason K., McElroy F., Mennito A., Paszek J.
Direct Trace and Ultra-Trace Metals Determination in Crude Oil and Fractions by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry
Donard O., Dreyfus S., Lienemann C., Magnier C., Pécheyran C., Prinzhofer A.
Fuel Analysis by Filter Furnace Electrothermal Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
Katskov D., Ngobeni P., Priola M., Ricchiuto S., Tittarelli P.
Rotrode Filter Spectroscopy: A Recently Improved Method to Detect and Analyze Large Wear and Contaminant Particles in Fluids
Anderson D., Lukas M., Yurko R.
Analysis of Fuels, Lubricants, and Greases Using X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
Brouwer P., Vrebos B., Wolska J.
Low-Level Sulfur in Fuel Determination Using Monochromatic WD XRF—ASTM D 7039-04
Beumer B., Chen Z., Radley I., Wei F.
DP-SCD and LTMGC for Determination of Low Sulfur Levels in Hydrocarbons
Gras R., Luong J., Mustacich R., Shearer R.
Sampling and Analysis of Mercury in Crude Oil
Kariher P., Kirchgessner D., Liang L., Wilhelm S.
Determination of Total Mercury in Crude Oil by Combustion Cold Vapor Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (CVAAS)
Fox B., Mason K., McElroy F.
Mercury Measurements in Fossil Fuels, Particularly Petrochemicals
Bryce D., Corns W., Stockwell P.
Phosphorus Additive Chemistry and Its Effects on the Phosphorus Volatility of Engine Oils
Bosch R., Fee D., Selby T.
Analysis of the Volatiles Generated During the Selby-Noack Test by 31P NMR Spectroscopy
Bosch R., Fee D., Selby T.
Paper ID: STP1468-EB