Flammability and Sensitivity of Materials in Oxygen-Enriched Atmospheres: 10th Volume

    Steinberg TA, Newton BE, Beeson HD
    Published: 2003

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    The tenth volume in this ongoing series provides 28 peer-reviewed papers written by experts in their field. This unique publication gives you the latest information available on flammability and sensitivity of materials in oxygen-enriched atmospheres, including oxygen compatibility and risk management concepts and practices. Topics include:

    Ignition and Combustion of Nonmetals covers resistance of polymers to ignition by pneumatic impact; assessment of nonmetallic materials that are used in oxygen systems with a focus on toxicity; statistical evaluation of upward flammability testing (NASA STD 6001 Test 1 ) and ignition of materials exposed to liquid oxygen by mechanical impact.

    Ignition and Combustion of Metals presents work evaluating metallic filters for use in oxygen systems; a unique ultrasonic system used to measure the melting rate of the metal rods while burning in oxygen in both normal gravity and reduced gravity; stainless steel promoted ignition tests under flowing conditions; a model for the ignition of rods and tubes in flowing oxygen; microanalysis of aluminum rods that were burned in oxygen and either quenched or self-extinguished; and several ignition-combustion test programs.

    Failure/Hazard Analysis and Safety focuses on the documentation of failures and their causes; and techniques being used and developed to analyze systems or components operating in oxygen-enriched atmospheres to ensure system functionality and personnel safety. Papers cover a new technique for analyzing large systems based on prioritizing system components based on operating conditions; an analysis of the space shuttle external tank pressurization system; a failure analysis of fires that have been occurring in oxygen production process valves; a review of some incidents in oxygen systems that have occurred in Australia over a 30-year period; cause and origin analyses of fires; and an electronic database being used by NASA White Sands Test Facility to perform and archive oxygen system/component hazards analyses.

    The final section discusses a diverse range of topics, including a parametric model examining nonmetallic materials that are contaminated or damaged being used in oxygen environments; and optical techniques used to view oxygen system fires.

    This new publication is an invaluable source of new information and is highly relevant to individuals and organizations that own, operate, or in any way interface with oxygen systems or oxygen-enriched atmospheres.

    Table of Contents

    Review of Pneumatic Impact Sensitivity Data Obtained on Selected Polymers for Aerospace Applications
    Beeson H., Hirsch D., Hshieh F., Peyton G.

    Combustion Products Toxicity of Non-Metallic Materials Used for Medical Oxygen Equipment
    Barthélémy H.

    Issues Related to the Flammability Assessment of Polymers for Hazard Analyses of Oxygen Systems
    Beeson H., Hirsch D., Motto S., Pedley M., Porter A.

    Toxic Combustion Products Testing of Polymers Used in Oxygen Systems A Review of Testing at WSTF
    Beeson H., Hirsch D., Hshieh F.

    Upward Flammability Testing — A Probabilistic Measurement
    Davis S., Engel C., Richardson E.

    Determining the Time Required for Materials Exposed to Liquid Oxygen to return to Normal Air Ignitability by Mechanical Impact
    Smith S., Stoltzfus J.

    Filters for Use in High Pressure Oxygen Service—Qualification and Test Methods
    Barthélémy H., Roy D., Schaaff J.

    Ultrasonic Measurement Technique of Burning Metals in Normal and Reduced Gravity
    Chiffoleau G., Steinberg T., Veidt M.

    Instantaneous RRMI of Iron Rods in Reduced Gravity
    Chiffoleau G., Edwards A., Maes M., Steinberg T.

    Promoted Ignition and Burning Tests of Stainless Steel in Flowing and Nonflowing Oxygen
    Bachelier F., Forsyth E., Maes M., Stoltzfus J.

    Modeling the Ignition of Large Diameter Rods and Pipes in Flowing Oxygen
    Forsyth E., Maes M., Stoltzfus J., Wilson D.

    Promoted Ignition-Combustion Tests with Structured Aluminum Packings in Gaseous Oxygen with Argon or Nitrogen Dilution at 0.1 and 0.6 MPa
    Meilinger M.

    Microanalysis of Quenched and Self-extinguished Aluminum Rods Burned in Oxygen
    Osborne B., Steinberg T., Suvorovs T., Wit J.

    Promoted Ignition-Combustion Behavior of Cast and Wrought Engineering Alloys in Oxygen-Enriched Atmospheres
    Zawierucha R., Million J., Samant A.

    Thickness Effects on the Promoted Ignition-Combustion Behavior of Engineering Alloys
    Million J., Samant A., Zawierucha R.

    Promoted Ignition-Combustion Behavior of Tubular Aluminum Samples in Liquid and Gaseous Oxygen Environments
    Million J., Samant A., Zawierucha R.

    Using ASTM Standard Guide G 88 To Identify and Rank System-Level Hazards in Large-Scale Oxygen Systems
    Forsyth E., Hirschfeld T., Newton B., Rantala J.

    Oxygen Hazards Analysis of Space Shuttle External Tank Gaseous Oxygen Pressurization System
    Shoffstall M., Stoltzfus J.

    Failure Analysis of Fires in Oxygen Production Process Valves
    Beeson H., Dobbin D., Forsyth E., Ginter J.

    Australia's Contribution to Advancing the State of Knowledge of Oxygen Systems—the Hard Way: A Review of 30 Years' Incident Experience Down Under, 1965–1995
    McMahon B., Nguyen H.

    Cause And Origin Analyses Of Two Large Industrial Oxygen Valve Fires
    Forsyth E., Newton B.

    Oxygen Fire Cause and Origin Analysis of the CUMA V2 Underwater Breathing Apparatus
    Eaton D., Forsyth E., Newton B.

    A Database for Performing and Archiving Oxygen Hazards Analyses
    Peralta S., Stoltzfus J.

    A Parametric Modeling Study of the Temperature Dynamics of Contaminated or Damaged Softgoods in Compressed Oxygen
    Barragan M., Beeson H., Wilson D.

    Optical Techniques for Viewing Oxygen System Fires
    Gallus T., Smith S., Stoltzfus J.

    Pipe Cleaning Using HFE Solvents and Assessment of Particle Contamination Found During Pipe Connection
    Dimas J., Fletcher L., Zugno R.

    Preliminary Results of ASTM G175 Interlaboratory Studies
    Smith S., Stoltzfus J.

    Effect of Molding and Machining on Neoflon CTFE M400H Polychlorotrifluoroethylene Rod Stock and Valve Seat Properties
    Beeson H., Newton B., Waller J.

    Author Index

    Subject Index

    Committee: G04

    DOI: 10.1520/STP1454-EB

    ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5489-6

    ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-0998-8

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