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    STP1449

    Pesticide Formulations and Application Systems: 23rd Volume

    Volgas GC, Downer RA, Lopez HB
    Published: 2003


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    Twenty-two peer-review papers give you a broad view of where the pesticide industry may be headed. The recent loss of patent protection for many pesticides has created new opportunities for agricultural chemical manufacturers. Spray adjuvant and inert producers must be more creative in the products they offer; and biotechnology and consolidation are putting pressure on all sectors of the industry. All of these changes have forced formulators to better focus their efforts to offer economic benefits to the end users of their products.

    Topics cover:

    FORMULATION INGREDIENTS showcases new adjuvant formulations and new inert chemistries. Inert suppliers and researchers presented papers introducing novel formulation tools as well as innovative uses for old inert chemistries.

    FORMULATION of PESTICIDES for ENHANCED BIOLOGICAL EFFICACY examines new techniques for adding value and improving performance of products.

    APPLICATION and DELIVERY SYSTEMS investigates new, more precise delivery techniques to reduce input costs for growers. This section features both equipment and additive technologies intended to reduce off-target spray drift and enhance deposition of applied sprays.

    REGULATORY and ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS discusses regulatory and environmental issues, with particular attention to agrochemical and adjuvant formulation.


    Table of Contents

    New and Improved Techniques for Microemulsifying Modified Seed Oils and Pesticides

    Effects of Urea and Ammonium Nitrate on Penetration of NAA Through Enzymatically Isolated Tomato Fruit Cuticular Membranes

    An Examination of Interactions Between Various Dispersants and Other Surfactants in Wettable Powder Formulations

    Agricultural Applications of Structured Surfactant Formulations

    Application of Latex Emulsion Polymers in Seed Coating Technology

    Influence of Trisiloxane Alkoxylate Polarity on Spreading of Methylated Oil Based Adjuvants

    Determination of Organosilicone Surfactant Phytotoxicity for Selected Vegetable Species

    Effect of the Lignin Component Size and Proportioning on the Performance of Heterogeneous Sulfonated Lignin Dispersants

    2,4-D Salts and Adjuvants-Review and Perspectives

    Ready-to-use Aqueous Formulations and Concentrates for Strobilurin Class of Fungicides

    Enhancing the Biological Activity of Nicosulfuron with Silicone Adjuvants and pH Adjusters

    Dynamic Investigations of the Formation of Phenoxy Ester Herbicide Concentrated Emulsions

    Comparisons of 2-Ethylhexyl Ester Formulations of 2,4-D: Chemistry and Bioefficacy

    Glyphosate: Twenty-Eight Years and Still Growing — The Discovery, Development, and Impact of this Herbicide on the Agrichemical Industry

    Biologically Active In-Tank Formulation of Acid Herbicides

    A Wind Tunnel Investigation of Airborne Liquid Particle Behavior: Adjuvant Effects on Deposition

    Cotton Insecticide and Defoliant Efficacy as Influenced by Spray Application Parameters

    Characterizing Granular Material in Aerial Application

    Efficacy of Apogee® (prohexadione calcium) on McIntosh Apple Comparing Two Pesticide Application Technologies, a Disc-Core Type Hollow Cone Nozzle and Air Induction Nozzle

    Droplet Size Affects Durability of Spray Deposits

    Proposed Definitions, Specifications, and Data Requirements for Identical or Substantially Similar Pesticide Products

    EPA Regulation of Inerts Under the Bush Administration: A New Departure

    Author Index

    Subject Index


    Committee: E35

    DOI: 10.1520/STP1449-EB

    ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5487-2

    ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-3468-3

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    0-8031-3468-1
    978-0-8031-3468-3
    STP1449-EB