Contaminated Sediments: Characterization, Evaluation, Mitigation/Restoration, and Management Strategy Performance

    Locat J, Cloutier RG, Chaney R, Demars K
    Published: 2003

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    This new publication reviews recent advances in contaminated sediments-management-related research and focuses on the engineering aspects of contaminant transport, erosion, stability, monitoring, and modeling. It identifies both established and innovative physico-chemical and biological tests and methods used to characterize and evaluate properties and behavior of contaminated sediments, as well as the potential for contaminant transfer. This data reflects recent work carried out on large coastal investigations and on natural and artificial capping of contaminated sediments.

    Twenty-three peer-reviewed papers cover:

    Sediment Characterization of contaminated sediments has become more and more complex. It involves ex situ techniques from standard tests (e.g., physical properties) to biological analysis in addition to all the chemical analyses, but also in situ ones like erodability tests.

    Mitigation and Restoration Methods are diversified and touch on many different environments from river sediments and harbor lagoons to land reclamation. They involve techniques ranging from the use of geotextiles and geocomposites to selective sequential extraction methods

    Monitoring and Performance aspects of contaminated sediments are largely supported by extensive site investigations, like the Southern California project, but also by the development of modeling tools.

    In addition, four peer-reviewed papers in this volume summarize a five-year research effort aimed at evaluating the performance of a catastrophic capping layer resulting from the major 1996 Saguenay flood disaster that proved to be very beneficial to the Saguenay Fjord environment and ecosystem by covering most of the ancient contaminated sediments.

    Audience: This book is an invaluable resource for environmental engineers and scientists, water quality engineers, soil scientists, geotechnical engineers, and environmentalists, educators, and legislators.

    Table of Contents

    The Origin and Behavior of a Flood Capping Layer Deposited on Contaminated Sediments of the Saguenay Fjord (Quebec)
    Desrosiers G., Locat J., Mucci A., Pelletier E., Tremblay H.

    The Weathering Behaviour of Contaminated Industrial Sediments After Their Exposure to Atmospheric Oxygen
    Freyer K., Morgenstern P., Paschke A., Schubert M., Weiss H., Wennrich R.

    Deep-Freeze Sampling Methods for Soft Sediments
    Ricking M., Schulze T.

    Quality Evaluation of Eutrophic Sediments at St. Augustin Lake, Quebec, Canada
    Arsenault S., Brin M., Dominguez G., Galvez-Cloutier R., Leroueil S.

    Trace Metal Levels in Nearshore Sediments Close to Industrial Discharges off Cuddalore (Bay of Bengal)
    Balachandran K., Joseph T., Kesavadas V., Nair K., Nair M., Paimpillil J.

    Randomization Tests: A Statistical Tool to Assess Heavy Metal Pollution in Caí River Basin Sediments (RS, Brazil)
    Pillar V., Raya-Rodríguez M., Rodrigues M.

    Study of the Geochemical Distribution of Heavy Metals in Sediments in Areas Impacted by Coal Mining
    Alves M., Barbosa J., Rodrigues M., Teixeira E.

    Characterization of a Catastrophic Flood Sediment Layer: Geological, Geotechnical, Biological, and Geochemical Signatures
    Desrosiers G., Locat J., Mucci A., Pelletier &., Tremblay H.

    Characterization of Contaminated Sediments in Hamilton Harbour, Lake Ontario
    Patterson T., Zeman A.

    In situ Flume Measurements of Sediment Erodability in Saguenay Fjord (Quebec, Canada)
    Hill P., Locat J., Long B., Moreau A., Ouellet Y.

    Reclamation Using Waste Sediment by Sand Capping Technique
    Bo M., Choa V., Karunaratne G., Tan T.

    Durability Study for Geotextile Tube Use in Talimu River Sediment Control
    Chang D., Chen B., Ho N., Sung C.

    Factors Controlling Contaminant Transport Through the Flood Sediments of the Saguenay Fjord: Numerical Sensitivity Analysis
    Dueri S., Therrien R.

    Steps for Restoration of a Polluted Egyptian Closed Lagoon on the Alexandria Mediterranean Coast
    El-Rayis O.

    Rehabilitation of Brine-Saturated Sediments
    Barbour S., Haug M., Johns C.

    Use of Selective Sequential Extraction for the Remediation of Contaminated Sediments
    Azma B., Mulligan C.

    Effects of Overburden Stresses on Soil Reclamation by Electroosmosis
    Kabir A., Picornell M.

    A Reactive Geocomposite to Remediate Contaminated, Subaqueous Sediments
    Alshawabkeh A., Fernandez L., Henry K., Sheahan T.

    Sediment Transport and Deposition Processes Near Ocean Outfalls in Southern California
    Lee H., Noble M., Xu J.

    Numerical Model for Contaminant Transport in Consolidating Sediments
    Fox P.

    Assessment of the Lead Release from Cables Buried in Sediments into the Water Column
    Degtiareva A., Ebadi T., Elektorowicz M.

    Numerical Modeling of Hydrodynamic Circulation and Cohesive Sediment Transport in Hartwell Lake, South Carolina/Georgia, USA
    Elçi &., Work P.

    Retention of Heavy Metals in the Post '96 Flood Sediment Layer Deposited in the Saguenay River, Quebec, Canada
    Bourg C., Galvez-Cloutier R., Locat J., Muris M.

    Author Index

    Subject Index

    Committee: D18

    DOI: 10.1520/STP1442-EB

    ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5485-8

    ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-3466-9

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