Flammability and Sensitivity of Materials in Oxygen-Enriched Atmospheres: Ninth Volume

    Steinberg TA, Newton BE, Beeson HD
    Published: 2000

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    The ninth volume in this ongoing series features the latest data on oxygen compatibility, safe systems designs, and metallic and nonmetallic ignition and combustion processes. 32 peer-reviewed papers are divided into the following key areas:

    Overview--reviews and compares current test methods used in the selection of appropriate materials for use in oxygen service.

    Material Selection--investigates the appropriate use and selection of materials in oxygen-enriched atmospheres.

    Ignition and Combustion of Nonmetals--discusses the results of studies on the ignition and combustability of various polymeric materials with regard to age, oxidizing environments, and particle impact in high-pressure oxygen.

    Ignition and Combustion of Metals--examines ignition and combustion data for various metals at elevated temperatures, including carbon steels, stainless steels, nickel alloys, aluminum, and aluminum alloys.

    Analysis of Ignition and Combustion--details theoretical work related to the ignition and combustion of metals and nonmetals in oxygen–enriched atmospheres.

    Failure Analysis and Safety--covers forensic analysis of welding and medical regulator fires; training of emergency medical service personal in the U.S., Canada, and France; and the ignition potential of scuba systems.

    Structured Packings for Air Separation Plants--provides insight into the controlling mechanisms of the violent energy release and explores ignition-combustion data for aluminum packing and trayed columns in liquid oxygen. It also presents the results of a large experimental program investigating the flammability of brazed aluminum heat exchanger samples in both gaseous and liquid oxygen.

    Miscellaneous--includes a mix of subjects relevant to the study of material compatibility in oxygen-enriched atmospheres. Topics begin with a new promoted-ignition combustion system being used to study the flammability of metallic materials in gaseous oxygen and end with the use of autoignition temperature data to statistically predict the ignition sensitivity of nonmetallics when subjected to a pneumatic gaseous impact.

    Table of Contents

    A Review of Test Methods Used in the Selection of Materials for Oxygen Service: Keynote Address
    Bryan C.

    Comparison of the Dimensional Stability of Kel-F 81 and Neoflon CTFE M400H Polychlorotrifluoroethylenes Used in Valve Seat Applications
    Beeson H., Haas J., Newton B., Waller J.

    Selection of Metal for Oxygen Valves
    Barthelemy H., Fano E., Faupin A.

    Investigations about Oxygen Fires in Electronic Circuits of Medical Devices
    Degenhart R., Kohl H., Morbach A.

    Polymer-Oxygen Compatibility Testing: Effect of Oxygen Aging on Ignition and Combustion Properties
    Beeson H., Haas J., Waller J.

    Ignitability in Air, Gaseous Oxygen, and Oxygen-Enriched Environments of Polymers Used in Breathing-Air Devices, Final Report
    Beeson H., Bryan C., Haas J., Hirsch D.

    Ignition Resistance of Polymeric Materials to Particle Impact in High-Pressure Oxygen
    Forsyth E., Gallus T., Stoltzfus J.

    Promoted Ignition-Combustion Behavior of Engineering Alloys at Elevated Temperatures and Pressures in Oxygen Gas Mixtures
    Million J., Zawierucha R.

    Ignition of Aluminum by Impact in LOX — Influence of Contaminants
    Barthélémy H., Mazloumian N., Roy D.

    The Presence of Excess Oxygen in Burning Metallic Materials
    DeWit J., Steinberg T., Wilson D.

    Discussion on Steel Burning in Oxygen (from a Steelmaking Metallurgist's Perspective)
    Lanyi M.

    ASTM G 124 Test Data For Selected Al-Si Alloys, Al-Composites, Binary Alloys and Stainless Steels
    De Wit J., Haas J., Steinberg T.

    Igniter Effects on Metals Combustion Testing
    De Wit J., Steinberg T., Stoltzfus J.

    Potential Ignition Mechanism of Buna-N O-Rings in Liquid-Oxygen
    Newton B., Stradling J., Wilson D.

    A Fluid Flow Analysis of the Gaseous Impact Test
    Barthelemy H., Ducrocq J., Roy D.

    The Mechanisms of Smolder of Cellulosic Materials
    Dyakonov A., Grider D., Ihrig A.

    Adiabatic Compression of Oxygen: Real Fluid Temperatures
    Barragan M., Stoltzfus J., Wilson D.

    Modeling the NASA/ASTM Flammability Test for Metallic Materials Burning in Reduced Gravity
    Steinberg T., Wilson D.

    Failure Analysis of Aluminum-Bodied Medical Regulators
    Hull W., Newton B., Stradling J.

    Failure Investigation of a Welding Regulator Fire
    Beeson H., Hull W., Newton B.

    Emergency Oxygen in the United States, Canada, and France: Assuring Proper Training
    Derossi A., Starr L.

    Evaluation of Contaminant-Promoted Ignition in Scuba Equipment and Breathing-Gas Delivery Systems
    Beeson H., Durkin R., Forsyth E.

    Promoted Ignition-Combustion Tests of Brazed Aluminum Heat Exchanger Samples in Gaseous and Liquid-Oxygen Environments
    Million J., Zawierucha R.

    Tests of Combustion of Aluminum Packing and Trayed Columns
    Barthelemy H., Fano E., Lehman J.

    Flame Spreading and Violent Energy Release (VER) Processes of Aluminum Tubing in Liquid and Gaseous Oxygen Environments
    Hansel J., Houghton P., Kuo K., Mench M., Sturges J.

    Determination of Hydrocarbon Adsorption on Solid CO2 and N2O in LOX at Ambient Pressure
    Lassmann E., Meilinger M.

    A Promoted Ignition Combustion Test Apparatus for Evaluating the Flammability of Metallic Materials
    Chou T., Henningson R., Lemcoff N.

    Determination of Oxidizing Ability of Gases and Gas Mixtures
    Dietlen S., Mackrodt B., Schroeder V.

    Metals Flammability: Review and Model Analysis
    Stoltzfus J., Wilson D.

    Test System to Study the Ignition of Metals by Polymers in Oxygen
    Shoffstall M., Stoltzfus J.

    An Analysis of Autoignition Temperature Round Robin Test Data
    Barthélémy H., Binder C., Bryan C., Chou T., Hirsch D.

    Predictability of Gaseous Impact Ignition Sensitivity from Autoignition Temperature Data
    Beeson H., Bryan C., Hirsch D., Skarsgard E.

    Author Index

    Subject Index

    Committee: G04

    DOI: 10.1520/STP1395-EB

    ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5443-8

    ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-2871-2

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