STP1345

    Skiing Trauma and Safety: Twelfth Volume

    Johnson RJ
    Published: 1999


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    Provides information concerning winter sports trauma -including alpine, cross country, and back country skiing, and snowboarding- and the means of its prevention. 16 peer-reviewed papers in 4 sections:

    Safety and Behavior--6 papers including: a comparison of young injured and uninjured skiers and snowboarders regarding knowledge of safety rules; observations concerning vision, an essential factor for skiing safety; present customs and practices used by U.S. ski areas in developing and maintaining ski trails, and the means used to reduce the risk of injury; the hazard of fatal avalanches between 1986 and 1995 in Austria; and the effect of a warm-up program designed to reduce the risk of alpine skiing injuries.

    Biomechanics--3 papers on ACL injury; snowboarding and ankle deflection; and injury mechanisms of the anterior cruciate ligament.

    Bindings--3 papers on forces and moments measured at the toe and heel of bindings during skiing activities; signal detection theory to evaluate binding function; and the feasibility of releasable binds for snowboards.

    Epidemiology--4 papers cover: a study of snowboarding injuries from 1988-1996 in Colorado; spinal cord injuries involving skiers; femur fractures; and an evaluation of the epidemiology of 70,000 injured skiers and 8,000 snowboarders.


    Table of Contents

    A Comparison of Knowledge and Behavior in Young Injured and Non-Injured Skiers
    Cadman R., Greenlaw J., Macnab A.

    Vision—An Essential Factor for Safety in Skiing: Perception, Reaction, and Motion Control Aspects
    Heck H., Jendrusch G., Schaff P., Senner V.

    Vision—An Essential Factor for Safety in Skiing: Visual Acuity, Stereoscopic Depth Perception, Effect of Colored Lenses
    Heck H., Jendrusch G., Schaff P., Senner V.

    Customs and Practices at U.S. Ski Areas for Mitigating Common Hazards through Trail Configuration and Maintenance
    Penniman D.

    The Effects of Training on the Risk of Avalanche Fatality
    Burtscher M., Nachbauer W.

    Warm-Up Efficacy in Alpine Conditions
    Gass E., Moran C., Whelan K.

    ACL Injury Mechanism in Alpine Skiing: Analysis of an Accidental ACL Rupture
    Barone M., Schaff P., Senner V.

    Analysis of Ankle Deflection During a Forward Fall in Snowboarding
    Estes M., Hull M., Wang E.

    Strain of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament Increases Linearly with Quadriceps Contraction
    Bach J., Hull M.

    Comparison of Needed and Recommended Retention Settings for Snow Skiing
    Mote C., Scher I.

    Signal Detection Theory: A Model for Evaluating Release/Retention Criteria in Alpine Ski-Binding-Boot Systems
    Ettlinger C., Johnson R., Shealy J.

    A Release Binding for Snowboards
    Bally A., Shneegans F.

    The Colorado Snowboarding Injury Study: Eight Year Results
    Abbott P., Janes P.

    Alpine Skiing and Spinal Cord Injuries: View From a National Database
    Meyers A., Misra B.

    Femur Fractures in French Winter Sports Resorts
    Binet M., Constans D., Laporte J.

    Risk Factors in Skiing and Snowboarding in Austria
    Boldrino C., Furian G.

    Author Index

    Subject Index


    Committee: F27

    Paper ID: STP1345-EB

    DOI: 10.1520/STP1345-EB

    ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5398-1

    ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-2612-1

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    0-8031-2612-3
    978-0-8031-2612-1
    STP1345-EB