STP1339

    Hydraulic Failure Analysis: Fluids, Components, and System Effects

    Totten GE, Wills DK, Feldmann DG
    Published: 2001


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    41 papers provide a comprehensive overview of the problems and new technologies in hydraulic systems associated with hydraulic fluids and their interaction with component design, component metallurgy, and the design of the hydraulic system itself.

    Six sections cover: Theory, Mechanism and Simulation • Failure Analysis • Materials • Components--Seals, Valves and Rolling Element Bearings • Fluids

    Major issues addressed include:

    • The effect of fluid chemistry on component failure as the result of oxidation, wear debris, viscosity loss, generation of corrosion by-products, and yellow metal wear.

    • Metallurgy of the material, including material pair effects and physical properties.

    • The effect of surface finish.

    • Modeling wear mechanisms as a function of material pair contact loading, speed, and other factors.

    • Dynamic versus static wear.

    • Wear mechanisms including rolling contact fatigue, cavitation, lubrication failure, abrasive wear, and others, in addition to combinations of these mechanisms.

    • Methods of failure analysis focusing on strategies to identify root caused of failure.

    • Hydraulic component design and metallurgy of bearings, gears, slippers, and end-plates.


    Table of Contents

    Tribological Design: A Real World Approach
    Ludema K.

    Mechanisms of Abrasive Wear in Lubricated Contacts
    Hyncica A., Williams J.

    Tribology of Hydraulic Systems: Hydrodynamic Effects of Surface Roughness
    Tønder K.

    Lubrication Characteristics on Sliding Surfaces in a Piston Pump and Motor During Running-In Tests
    Kyogoku K., Nakahara T., Tanaka K.

    Elastic-Plastic Finite Element Stress Analysis of Two-Dimensional Rolling Contact
    Chang J., Jiang Y., Xu B.

    Development of a New Application-Related Test Procedure for Mechanical Testing of Hydraulic Fluids
    Feldmann D., Kessler M.

    Modeling Abrasive Wear of Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Materials
    Anderson M., Chiovelli S., Elalem K., Li D.

    Hydraulic Gear Pump Failure Analysis and Tribology Simulation
    Bourdoulous R., Wedeven L.

    Corrosive Wear in Hydraulic Systems: An Overview
    Liang H., Totten G.

    Root Cause Analysis to Identify Hydraulic Failure Modes
    Reichel J., Wahl M.

    Failure Analysis of the Hydraulic Drive System in a Storm Surge Barrier
    Fluks M.

    Analysis of Failure Modes of a Military Hydraulic Fluid: MIL-H-46170
    Mowery R., Purdy E.

    Wear Particle Analysis
    Poley J.

    Problems and Possibilities with Bottle Sampling for Assessment of Particle Concentration
    Sundvall K., Svedberg G.

    Wear and Wear Debris in a Changing World
    Roylance B.

    Advanced Strategies for the Monitoring and Control of Water Contamination in Oil Hydraulic Fluids
    Troyer D.

    Advancements in Fluid Analysis Technologies and Strategies for Hydraulic System Condition-Based Maintenance
    Fitch J.

    Hydraulic Pump Contaminant Wear
    Hong I., Tessmann R.

    Piston Pump Failures In Various Type Hydraulic Fluids
    Hatano H., Konishi A., Ohkawa S., Voss D.

    Fundamental Hydraulic Wear Processes
    Bishop R., Lemberger S., Liang H., Mizuno K., Totten G.

    Analysis of Common Failure Modes of Axial Piston Pumps
    Fey C., Sun Y., Totten G.

    Effect of Pump Inlet Conditions on Hydraulic Pump Cavitation: A Review
    Bishop R., Totten G.

    The Influence of Surface Topography and Environment on the Fatigue Life of a Hydraulic Motor
    Scott W.

    TRIZ-Based Root Cause Failure Analysis for Hydraulic Systems
    Hughes E., Mann D.

    The Surface Behavior of Metallic Materials During the Incubation Period of Cavitation Erosion
    Komori K., Matsumura M., Noishiki K., Yabuki A.

    Failure Mechanism of a Hydraulic Log Piston and Slipper Assembly
    Sikes J.

    Development of Pseudoelastic TiNi Tribo Materials
    Li D.

    Research of Suitable Material Pairs for Applications Operating with High WaterBased Fluids
    Murrenhoff H., Oberem R.

    Ceramic Parts for Hydrostatic Pumps and Motors
    Feldmann D.

    PVD-Coatings — Applications in Fluid Power Technology
    Murrenhoff H., van Bebber D.

    Improving Tribological Performance of Mechanical Components by Laser Surface Texturing
    Etsion I., Halperin G., Ryk G.

    An Investigation of Fundamental Blistering Phenomena in Rotary Lip Sealing
    Schulz F., Vötter M., Wollesen V.

    Influence of Lubrication on Wear and Friction on O-Rings in Contact with Yellow Metal
    Schultz O., Vötter M.

    Hydraulic Valve Problems Caused by Oil Oxidation Products
    Sasaki A.

    Rust Inhibitor Contamination-Related Problems in Military Aircraft Hydraulic Systems
    Gschwender L., Liang J., Schreiber B., Sharma S., Snyder C.

    Extending Rolling Element Bearing Life in Hydraulic Systems with Water-based Fluids — The Grease Lubrication Option
    Poll G.

    The Importance of Shear Stability in Multigraded Hydraulic Fluids
    Hyndman C., Kinker B., Placek D.

    Corrosive Wear Behavior of 304 Stainless Steel and Its Variation with Alloyed Oxygen-Active Element Yttrium
    Li D., Zhang T.

    A Study of the Mechanism for Beneficial Effects of Yttrium Additive in Lubricant on Corrosive Wear and Friction of Metals
    Li D., Liu R.

    The Effect of Oil Type on Wear in Fluid Power Components
    Ellman A., Karjalainen R., Koivula T., Vilenius M.

    Recent Experiences with Ester Based Fluids in Qualification Tests
    Feldmann D., Kessler M.

    Author Index

    Subject Index


    Committee: D02

    Paper ID: STP1339-EB

    DOI: 10.1520/STP1339-EB

    ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5567-1

    ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-2883-5

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    0-8031-2883-5
    978-0-8031-2883-5
    STP1339-EB