The Design and Application of Controlled Low-Strength Materials (Flowable Fill)

    Howard A, Hitch J
    Published: 1998

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    Features the most current research on design procedures and flowable fill applications, as well as five ASTM standards on CLSM. 26 peer-reviewed papers cover a wide range of new developments in the field, including:

    Ingredients -- Fly ash and aggregates including recycled glass are explored in four papers.

    Properties of CLSM -- Five papers examine a wide range of properties, including bearing strength, diggability, compressibility and long term strength gain.

    Test Methods, Standards, and Specifications -- Innovative testing techniques as well as a history of CLSM testing and new industry standards are featured in four papers.

    Case Histories -- Numerous new uses for flowable fill, such as use in substandard bridge replacement, tilt-up construction, and use as backfill in sequential excavations are some of the applications presented in eight papers.

    Pipeline Applications -- Five papers deal with specific uses for CLSM on varying types of pipeline construction and installations.

    Table of Contents

    Test Methods for Controlled Low-Strength Material (CLSM): Past, Present, and Future
    Hitch J.

    Comparison of Dry Scrubber and Class C Fly Ash in Controlled Low-Strength Material (CLSM) Applications
    Dockter B.

    Design and Testing Controlled Low-Strength Materials (CLSM) Using Clean Coal Ash
    Kraus R., Naik T., Ramme B., Sturzl R.

    Use of High-Fines Limestone Screenings as Aggregate for Controlled Low-Strength Material (CLSM)
    Brogdon J., Crouch L., Gamble R., Tucker C.

    Utilization of Recycled Glass as Aggregate in Controlled Low-Strength Material (CLSM)
    Ohlheiser T.

    Development of Engineering Properties for Regular and Quick-Set Flowable Fill
    Kerns L., Landwermeyer J., Pons F.

    Engineering Properties of Air-Modified Controlled Low-Strength Material
    Hoopes R.

    Long Term Strength Gain of Controlled Low-Strength Materials
    Mullarky J.

    Admixture Enhanced Controlled Low-Strength Material for Direct Underwater Injection With Minimal Cross-Contamination
    Davidson J., Hepworth H., Hooyman J.

    Corrosion Activity of Steel in Cementitious Controlled Low-Strength Materials vs. That in Soil
    Abelleira A., Berke N., Pickering D.

    Innovative uses of Controlled Low Strength Material (CLSM) in Colorado
    Clem D., Hook W.

    Fly-Ash-Based Controlled Low-Strength Material (CLSM) Used for Critical Microtunneling Applications
    Bennett D., Green B., Staheli K., Walley D.

    Construction of CLSM Approach Embankment to Minimize the Bump at the End of the Bridge
    Benson J., Snethen D.

    Filling Abandoned Mines with Fluidized Bed Combustion Ash Grout
    Black D., Gray D., Reddy T., Ziemkiewicz P.

    Developing Controlled Low-Strength Materials to Meet Industry and Construction Needs
    Gardner M.

    Flowable Fill Backfill for Use in Sequential Excavations in Contaminated Soil
    Ash J., Walker M.

    Use of Controlled Density Fill to Fill Underslab Void
    Mason T.

    Properties of Low-Strength Concrete for Meeks Cabin Dam Modification Project, Wyoming
    Benavidez A., Dolen T.

    Ten-Year Performance Record of Non-Shrink Slurry Backfill
    Brinkley D., Mueller P.

    Field Test of Buried Pipe with CLSM Backfill
    McGrath T., Selig E., Webb M.

    Flowable Fill Promotes Trench Safety and Supports Drainage Pipe Buried 60 ft (18.3 M) Under New Runway
    Eaton S., Hegarty J.

    Bedding Factors and E' Values for Buried Pipe Installations Backfilled with Air-Modified CLSM
    Hoopes R., McGrath T.

    Frost Penetration in Flowable Fill Used in Pipe Trench Backfill
    Baker T.

    Proposed Standard Practice for Installing Buried Pipe Using Flowable Fill
    Howard A.

    Specifications and Use of Controlled Low-Strength Material by State Transportation Agencies
    Keck R., Riggs E.

    Heat of Neutralization Test to Determine Cement Content of Soil-Cement or Roller-Compacted Concrete
    Kunzer B., Scavuzzo R.

    Appendix: CLSM Standards

    Author Index

    Subject Index

    Committee: D18

    DOI: 10.1520/STP1331-EB

    ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5383-7

    ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-2477-6

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.