STP1319

    Flammability and Sensitivity of Materials in Oxygen-Enriched Atmospheres: Eighth Volume

    Chou TC, Royals WT, Steinberg TA
    Published: 1997


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    STP 1319 features cutting edge information on oxygen compatibility, safe systems designs, and modeling metallic and non metallic ignition and combustion processes. In addition to a major key note address on the need for safety codes in oxygen system piping, 34 comprehensive papers cover the following key areas:

    Failure Analysis and Safety-- papers highlight the importance of safety in oxygen systems, including two incident investigations

    Component Design and Development or Evaluation of Test Methods--Such issues as design methods to avoid hazards, and variables that impact the accurate replication of test results are explored in four papers.

    Ignition and Combustion of Metals--12 papers focus on areas including modeling aspects of the ignition and combustion process for metals in oxygen, characteristics of various alloys in oxygen, and reduced gravity tests for nine different metallic materials.

    Ignition and Combustion of Nonmetals--The compatibility of various polymers/elastomers in oxygen environments, new rail transport carriage material flammability studies and the results of a dynamic O-ring seal tester are among the concerns explored in 7 papers.

    A final miscellaneous section contains 5 papers ranging from the ignitibility of composites in liquid and gaseous oxygen to the development of data management systems for metallic and nonmetallic materials’ compatibility in oxygen-enriched environments.


    Table of Contents

    Overview
    Chou T., Royals W., Steinberg T.

    Oxygen Piping Code—Where Knowledge Becomes Practice: Keynote Address
    Koch U.

    Total Water Demand for Suppression of Fires in Hypobaric Oxygen-Enriched Atmospheres
    Beeson H., Forsyth E., Hirsch D.

    Inclusion of Oxygen Equipment Training in Workplace Basic First Aid Curricula
    Starr L.

    Use of Oxygen-Enriched Mixtures in Recreational SCUBA Diving -- Is the Public Being Informed of the Risks?
    Gabel H., Janoff D.

    An Overview of Fatigue and Other Metallurgical Failure Modes and Analysis at the Kennedy Space Center
    McDanels S.

    Failure of Stainless Steel Check Valve in Oxygen Service
    Rago J.

    Failure of PTFE-Lined Flexible Hose in Oxygen Service
    Rago J.

    Factors Affecting the Reproducibility of Upward Propagation Pressure Thresholds of Metals in Gaseous Oxygen
    Darby S., Key C., Libb R., Lowery F.

    Design Strategies for Polymer-Lined Flex-Hose Distance/Volume Pieces
    Becker I., Santay A., Werley B.

    A 6000 psig Gaseous Oxygen Impact Test System for Materials and Components Compatibility Evaluations
    Hull W., Miller R., Newton B., Porter A., Stradling J.

    Ultrasonic Measurement of the Regression Rate of the Melting Interface in Burning Metal Rods
    Steinberg T., Veidt M.

    Ignition Resistance of Hard (Type III) Anodized Aluminum to Particle Impact
    Forsyth E., Stoltzfus J.

    Configurational Effects on the Combustion of Several Alloy Systems in Oxygen-Enriched Atmospheres
    Janoff D., Pedley M.

    Promoted Ignition-Combustion Behavior of Alternative High Performance Engineering Alloys in Oxygen-Enriched Atmospheres
    McIlroy K., Million J., Zawierucha R.

    Combustion Testing of Metallic Materials Aboard the NASA Johnson Space Center's KC-135
    Steinberg T., Stoltzfus J.

    Influence of Alloying Additions on the Flammability of Nickel-based Alloys in an Oxygen Environment
    Stoltzfus J., Tayal M., Wilson D.

    Flammability Limits of Stainless Steel Alloys 304, 308, and 316
    Hansel J., Werley B.

    Analysis of Metals Combustion Through Powder Production
    Hornung S., Sircar S., Stoltzfus J., Wilson D.

    Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Burning Iron
    Steinberg T., Stoltzfus J., Wilson D.

    Modeling of Promoted-Ignition Burning: Aluminum
    Stoltzfus J., Wilson D.

    Fundamentals of Metals Ignition in Oxygen
    Stoltzfus J., Wilson D.

    Experimental Study of Flame-Spreading Processes Over Thin Aluminum Sheets
    Johnson D., Kuo K., Yeh C.

    Flammability Tests of Miniature Brazed Aluminum Heat Exchangers in Liquid Oxygen
    Million J., Zawierucha R.

    Oxygen Compatibility of Polymers Including TFE-Teflon®, Kel-F® 81, Vespel® SP-21, Viton® A, Viton® A-500, Fluorel®, Neoprene®, EPDM, Buna-N, and Nylon 6,6
    Chou T., Fiedorowicz A.

    Oxygen Compatibility of FKM Elastomers
    D'Imperio V., Werley B.

    Ignitibility in Air, Gaseous Oxygen and Oxygen-Enriched Environments of Polymers Used in Breathing-Air Devices
    Beeson H., Bryan C., Hirsch D., Hshieh F.

    Combustion Testing of Non-Metallic Materials in Ambient and Oxygen-Enriched Atmospheres
    Steinberg T.

    Fuel Cell Elastomeric Materials Oxygen Compatibility Testing: Effect of 450 and 6200 kPa Oxygen
    Beeson H., Hornung S., Waller J.

    Characterization of Polymers Found in an Oxygen Environment
    Faughnan P., Williams M.

    Relative Performance of Elastomeric Materials in the Seal Configuration Test Apparatus
    Jordan S., Powell B., Yentzen M.

    Ignitibility of Advanced Composites in Liquid and Gaseous Oxygen
    Beeson H., Hirsch D., Hshieh F.

    Eliminating Bypass Valves in Selected Oxygen Systems
    Castillo D., Werley B.

    Oil Migration on the Structured Packing by Evaporation and Recondensation During the Defrosting Operation in the Air Separation Unit
    Egoshi N., Fujita I., Kawakami H.

    A Database for Metallic and Nonmetallic Materials Commonly Utilized in Oxygen Service
    Hull W., Newton B., Stradling J.

    Flammability of Intestinal Gases During Nitrous Oxide Anesthesia
    Cantelmi F., Fried E., Sidebotham G., Stoffa D., Wolf G.

    Author Index

    Subject Index


    Committee: G04

    Paper ID: STP1319-EB

    DOI: 10.1520/STP1319-EB

    ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5372-1

    ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-2401-1

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    0-8031-2401-5
    978-0-8031-2401-1
    STP1319-EB