Environmental Toxicology and Risk Assessment: Modeling and Risk Assessment Sixth Volume

    Dwyer FJ, Doane TR, Hinman ML
    Published: 1997

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    The urgency and importance of properly conducting a risk assessment,and all the various attributes of the assessment, will remain a significant issue for years to come. STP 1317 explores the use of modeling in developing risk assessments for a variety of environmental situations, including human-health assessments, site-specific assessments, and ecosystem-level assessments.

    32 peer-reviewed papers examine several aspects to consider when conducting a risk assessment, including:

    • When is Risk Assessment the Right Tool?

    • Communication of Risk Assessment

    • Model Selection and Problem Analysis

    • Data Quality and Uncertainty.

    Table of Contents

    Doane T., Dwyer F., Hinman M.

    A Food Web Model of Mercury Transfer from Stream Sediment to Predators of Fish for Ecological Risk Based Clean-Up Goals
    Burns T., Cornaby B., Hadden C., Mitz S.

    Graphical Determination of Metal Bioavailability to Soil Invertebrates Utilizing the Langmuir Sorption Model
    Donkin S.

    Indicators of Chemical Stressor Levels Derived from Population Time Series: A Retrospective Modeling Approach
    Funasaki E., Hallam T.

    Monte Carlo Simulation of Near-Source Dry Deposition
    Gilbert R., Liljestrand H., McDonald-Buller E.

    Modeling the Effect of Toxicants on the Parameters of Dynamic Energy Budget Models
    Muller E., Nisbet R.

    Building Uncertainty Analysis into Environmental Risk Assessments of Chemicals Disposed Through Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plants
    Cowan C., Versteeg D., White C.

    Environmental Monitoring at Two Department of Energy Sites
    Gray R.

    Ecotoxicity of Nitroaromatics to Aquatic and Terrestrial Species at Army Superfund Sites
    Hovatter P., Opresko D., Ross R., Talmage S.

    Ecological Risk Assessments of Priority Substances in Canada: Identification and Resolution of Difficult Issues
    Breton R., Doyle P., Elliott B., Moore D., Taylor K., Windle W.

    Methods for Assessing Watershed-Scale Aquatic Risks for Multiple Stressors
    Creager C., Parkhurst B., Warren-Hicks W.

    Screening Level Model for Vadose Zone and Ground Water Transport Evaluation
    Edlund M., Rzepecki P.

    The Influence of Floodplains on Mercury Availability
    Wallschläger D., Wilken R.

    Ecological Risk Assessment Procedures for U.S. Army Sites
    Checkai R., La Point T., Ludwig D., Simini M., Wentsel R.

    Predicting Dermal Absorption from Contact with Chemically Contaminated Soils
    Bunge A., Parks J.

    Indirect Exposure Screening Model for Evaluating Contaminant Intake from Air Emissions Via Ingestion of Milk and Beef: Risk-Based Air Concentrations
    Chew C., Garry M., Lorenzana R.

    Prediction of Risk-Based Screening Levels for Infiltration of Volatile Subsurface Contaminants into Buildings
    Hers I., Macfarlane M., McLenehan R., Petrovic S., Zapf-Gilje R.

    Science, Science Policy, and Risk-Based Management
    Midgley L.

    Performance and Reliability of Intermedia Transfer Models Used in Human Exposure Assessment
    Dawson H., Sheldon A., Siegrist R.

    Biomarker Selection for Restoration Monitoring of Fishery Resources
    Anderson M., Barron M., Diamond S., Lipton J., Zelikoff J.

    Macrophage Aggregates: Biomarker for Immune Function in Fishes?
    Blazer V., Fournie J., Weeks-Perkins B.

    Development of Short-Term, Whole-Embryo Assays to Evaluate Detrimental Effects on Amphibian Limb Development and Metamorphosis Using Xenopus Laevis
    Fort D., Stover E.

    Preliminary Results Using the Early Embryo Teratogenesis Assay: A Comparison of Early Embryo Abnormalities with Late Embryo and Hatchling Teratogenic Changes
    Benson K., Fox C., Henshel D., Lam Y., Mayer C., Sobiech S., Sparks D., Wagey R.

    Chick Embryo Limb Bud Cell Culture for Screening Environmental Contaminants
    Kanti A., Smith M.

    An Overview of Metals Permitting Alternatives the Importance of Clean Chemistry Techniques for Trace Metal Sampling of Domestic Wastewater and Paper Mill Treated Effluents and Receiving Waters
    Bloetscher F., Boothe P., Cooke J., Fergen R.

    Significance of Experimental Design in Evaluating Ecological Hazards of Sediments/Soils to Amphibian Species
    Fort D., Stover E.

    Inhibition of Photosynthesis as an Endpoint for the Photoinduced Toxicity of Intact and Photomodified PAHs
    Babu T., Gensemer R., Greenberg B., Huang X., Marwood C., Solomon K.

    Evaluation of the Genotoxicity of Bioaccumulatable Contaminants in Sediments Using Co-Solvent Mobilization
    McMillin D., Means J.

    Development of Suitable Test Methods for Evaluating the Toxicity of Contaminated Soils to a Battery of Plant Species Relevant to Soil Environments in Canada
    Greenberg B., Hale B., Scroggins R., Solomon K., Stephenson G.

    A Field Screening Method Using Earthworms (Eisenia Foetida Andrei) to Evaluate Contaminated Soils
    Bollman M., Gillett C., Linder G., Ott S., Wilborn D.

    Reference Toxicants for Toxicity Testing Using Caenorhabditis Elegans in Aquatic Media
    Cressman C., Williams P.

    Age-Specific Sensitivity of Grass Shrimp (Palaemonetes Pugio) Embryos to Sublethal Concentrations of Diflubenzuron
    Wilson J.

    The Relationship Between Chronic Values in Toxicity Tests with Ceriodaphnia Dubia
    Birge W., Zuiderveen J.

    Appendix I: Special Technical Publications (STPs) of ASTM Committee E47 on Biological Effects and Environmental Fate

    Author Index

    Subject Index

    Committee: E47

    DOI: 10.1520/STP1317-EB

    ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5370-7

    ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-2474-5

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