STP1266

    Skiing Trauma and Safety: Tenth Volume

    Mote CD, Johnson RJ, Hauser W, Schaff PS

    Pages: 389

    Published: 1996

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    STP 1266 features state-of-the-art research on skiing safety called from worldwide experts. In addition to providing professional and practical information, this definitive publication includes the latest data on the changing nature of alpine skiing injuries. 37 peer-reviewed papers cover:

    Skiing Safety Organizations--2 papers focus on skiing injury reduction efforts by both the National Ski Patrol System and the development of ASTM skiing safety standards over the past 20 years.

    Epidemiology of Skiing Injuries--Current trends in injury rates and injury severity throughout the skiing world are explored in 11 papers.

    Biomechanics in Snow Skiing--9 papers discuss the specific mechanics of skiing and skiing injuries.

    Injuries to the Knee--The most critical injuries across the skiing population are addressed in 7 papers.

    Other Winter Sports Injuries--Such concerns as altitude illness and stress dependent heart rates as they relate to skiing and snowboarding injuries are discussed in 3 papers.

    Skiing Equipment--One paper examines methods for reducing impact injuries and four papers address the concept, design, evaluation and value of ski release bindings.

    For sports medicine physicians, biomechanics, sports physiologists, human biodynamics researchers, ski area management professionals, ski trade organizations, skiing equipment manufacturers, skiing coaches and trainers and any individual interested in this alpine sport.


    Table of Contents

    Overview
    Hauser W., Johnson R., Mote C., Schaff P.

    Need-Oriented Emergency Care: The Development of Emergency Care Training in the National Ski Patrol System
    Bowman W.

    Twenty Years' Development of ASTM Skiing Standards
    Bahniuk E.

    Ski Injuries Among Ski Area Employees
    Belanger M., Ettlinger C., Johnson R., Shealy J.

    Significant Gender Differences in Alpine Skiing Injuries: A Five-Year Study
    France E., Greenwald R., Rosenberg T., Toelcke T.

    Gender-Related Injury Patterns in Skiing
    Ettlinger C., Shealy J.

    Age and Gender: Two Epidemiological Factors in Skiing and Snowboarding Injury
    Cadman R., Macnab A.

    Death in Downhill Skiing from 1976 Through 1992—A Retrospective View
    Shealy J., Thomas T.

    Skiing Collision Accidents: Frequency and Types of Injuries
    Burtscher M., Philadelphy M.

    Epidemiology of Facial Injuries Sustained in Alpine Skiing
    Gassner R., Röthler G., Traugott D., Waldhart E.

    Ski Field Injuries: The Snowboarders
    Lamont M.

    Epidemiology of Skiing Injuries in a Large Italian Ski Resort During 1988–1992
    Bertoldi L., Molinari M., Zucco P.

    Downhill Skiing Injuries in Lapland, Sweden: A Survey Including Alcohol Monitoring and One-Year Follow-up
    Elmqvist L., Made C.

    Epidemiology for Marketing Ski Safety
    Goethals B., Kisser R., Wrobel M.

    Muscle Contraction Protects Against Lower Leg Fracture
    Ekeland A., Nordsletten L.

    Regression Models of Forces and Moments at Potential Sites of Injury Along the Leg in Skiing
    Mote C., Yee A.

    Automatic Tracking of Bone Motion Using Ultrasound
    Friedrich M., Mote C.

    A Method for Obtaining 3-D Data in Alpine Skiing Using Pan-and-Tilt Cameras with Zoom Lenses
    Kaps P., Mössner M., Nachbauer W.

    Determination of Kinetic Friction and Drag Area in Alpine Skiing
    Kaps P., Mössner M., Nachbauer W.

    Effects of Snow and Air Conditions on Ski Friction
    Lackinger B., Nachbauer W., Schröcksnadel P.

    Skier Trajectories After Loss of Control
    Brown C., Heinzmann R., Hoffman A.

    Loads Transmitted in the Practice of Snowboarding
    Bally A., Taverney O.

    Influences of Ski Boot Binding System on Load Reduction and Kinematics of Lower Leg During Backward Fall: Dynamic Simulation Using an Anthropometric Dummy
    Hauser W., Schaff P., Senner V.

    Treatment of Cruciate Ligament Injuries in World Cup Racers and Successive Racing Performance
    Ekeland A., Vikne J.

    Patellofemoral Pain in Alpine Skiing
    Aune A., Ekeland A., Høseth A., Madsen J.

    A New Load Application System for In Vitro Study of Ligamentous Injuries to the Human Knee Joint
    Bach J., Hull M.

    Muscle Activity During the Backward Fall—Protection for the ACL?
    Barone M., Rosemeyer B., Schaff P., Senner V.

    Computer Simulation of the Loads on the ACL During Backward Falls Based on an Open Kinematic Chain Model
    Brown C., Webster J.

    Injury Mechanism of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament in Alpine Skiing: Case Studies
    Bally A., Fischer J., Leyvraz P., Loureiro O.

    Occult Fracture Patterns of the Knee Associated with Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tears in Skiing: Assessment with MR Imaging
    Yahashi K., Yamagishi T., Yamato M.

    Tibial Plateau Fractures in Downhill Skiing
    Ellowitz A., Ettlinger C., Johnson R., Shealy J.

    Altitude Illness in Skiers: A Worldwide Concern
    Bovard R., Schoene R.

    Relationship Between Time Course of Ruffier Index and Stress-Dependent Heart Rate During Eight Days of Skiing/Snowboarding
    Hofmann P., Stockinger B.

    Fuzzy Logic Control of Bioadaptive Ski Binding Release
    Crawford R., Mote C.

    A New Electromechanical Ski Binding with Release Sensitivity to Torsion and Bending Moments Transmitted by the Leg
    Hull M., Neptune R.

    Release Level for Backward Release
    Bally A.

    Water SKi Binding Release Loads: Test Method and Results
    Merala R., Piziali R.

    Standard Methods and Materials for Mitigating Injuries from Impact with Fixed Obstacles at U.S. SKi Areas
    Penniman D.

    The Snowboarder's Talus Fracture
    Janes P., Paul C.

    Author Index

    Subject Index


    Committee: F27

    Paper ID: STP1266-EB

    DOI: 10.1520/STP1266-EB

    ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5560-2

    ISBN-PRINT: 978-0-8031-0429-7

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    0-8031-0429-4
    978-0-8031-0429-7
    STP1266-EB