Hydraulic Conductivity and Waste Contaminant Transport in Soil

    Daniel DE, Trautwein SJ
    Published: 1994

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    Interest in hydraulic conductivity of soils and waste contaminant transport has increased substantially in recent years, largely due to environmental concerns. Assessments of potential contamination at a site are possible only if accurate information is available concerning the hydraulic conductivity of subsoils.

    STP 1142 provides this information, including detailed coverage of methods for determining the hydraulic conductivity of soil in the laboratory and in the field. This publication describes testing methods, test results, and case histories. Applications include water, chemical, and leachate movement through soil.

    28 peer-reviewed papers cover:

    • Methods for determining hydraulic conductivity of saturated soils in the laboratory

    • Waste-soil interactions that can alter hydraulic conductivity

    • Assessment of hydraulic conductivity in unsaturated soils, including laboratory and field methods for evaluating hydraulic conductivity of unsaturated soils

    • In-situ hydraulic conductivity tests for compacted soil liners and caps.

    • Hydraulic conductivity testing for vertical cutoff walls, including procedures dealing with potential testing errors.

    • Methods for determining the hydraulic conductivity of natural geologic deposits

    • Effects of environmental stresses such as freeze-thaw

    • Specialized problems in hydraulic conductivity testing, such as electrokinetic coupling, influence of distortion in the soils, and measuring the hydraulic conductivity of bentonites.

    Table of Contents

    Representative Specimen Size for Hydraulic Conductivity Assessment of Compacted Soil Liners
    Benson C., Hardianto F., Motan E.

    State-of-the-Art: Laboratory Hydraulic Conductivity Tests for Saturated Soils
    Daniel D.

    Hydraulic Conductivity of Vertical Cutoff Walls
    Evans J.

    Slug Tests for Determining Hydraulic Conductivity of Natural Geologic Deposits
    Herzog B.

    Waste-Soil Interactions that Alter Hydraulic Conductivity
    Shackelford C.

    Hydraulic Conductivity Assessment of Unsaturated Soils
    Stephens D.

    In-Situ Hydraulic Conductivity Tests for Compacted Soil Liners and Caps
    Boutwell G., Trautwein S.

    Laboratory Testing to Evaluate Changes in Hydraulic Conductivity of Compacted Clays Caused by Freeze-Thaw: State-of-the-Art
    Benson C., Chamberlain E., Othman M., Zimmie T.

    Measurement of Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity in Fine-Grained Glacial Tills in Iowa: Comparison of In Situ and Laboratory Methods
    Bruner D., Lutenegger A.

    Hydraulic Conductivity of Compacted Clayey Soils Under Distortion or Elongation Conditions
    Cheng S., Larralde J., Martin J.

    The Compatibility of Slurry Cutoff Wall Materials with Contaminated Groundwater
    Day S.

    A Comparison Between Field and Laboratory Measurements of Hydraulic Conductivity in a Varved Clay
    DeGroot D., Lutenegger A.

    Effects of Post Compaction Water Content Variation on Saturated Conductivity
    Drumm E., Phifer M., Wilson G.

    Lessons Learned from the Application of Standard Test Methods for Field and Laboratory Hydraulic Conductivity Measurement
    Dunn R., Palmer B.

    Large-Size Test for Transport of Organics Through Clay Liners
    Edil T., Heim D., Park J.

    Field Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity in Slowly Permeable Materials Using Early-Time Infiltration Measurements in Unsaturated Media
    Baumgartner N., Elrick D., Fallow D., Parkin G., Reynolds W.

    Impact of Leakage on Precision in Low Gradient Flexible Hall Permeability Testing
    Buettner W., Haug M., Wong L.

    Influence of Polymers on the Hydraulic Conductivity of Marginal Quality Bentonite-Sand Mixtures
    Boldt-Leppin B., Haug M.

    Hydraulic Conductivity and Adsorption Parameters for Pollutant Transport Through Montmorillonite and Modified Montmorillonite Clay Liner Materials
    Daniel D., Liljestrand H., Lo I.

    Hydraulic Conductivity of Borehole Sealants
    DeGroot D., Lutenegger A.

    The Effects of Freeze/Thaw Cycles on the Permeability of Three Compacted Soils
    Bowders J., McClelland S.

    Volume-Controlled Hydrologic Property Measurements in Triaxial Systems
    Kiusalaas N., Nelson K., Olsen H., Poeter E., Willden A.

    Hydraulic Conductivity of Solidified Residue Mixtures Used as a Hydraulic Barrier
    Guven C., Pamukcu S., Topcu I.

    Constant-Flow and Constant-Gradient Permeability Tests on Sand-Bentonite-Fly Ash Mixtures
    Glade M., Shackelford C.

    A Field-Scale Study of the Use of Paper Industry Sludges as Hydraulic Barriers in Landfill Cover Systems
    Eppstein L., Maltby V.

    Two Case Histories: Field Sealed Double Ring Infiltrometer(SDRI) and Laboratory Hydraulic Conductivity Comparison Test Programs
    Rosik E., Sacrison R., Wallace J.

    Effects of Electro-Kinetic Coupling on the Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity
    Yeung A.

    Evaluation of Attenuation Capability of a Micaceous Soil as Determined from Column Leaching Tests
    Mohamed A., Tan B., Yong R.

    Author Index

    Subject Index

    Committee: D18

    DOI: 10.1520/STP1142-EB

    ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5259-5

    ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-1442-5

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