STP1126

    Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Mapping—Practices and Standards

    Johnson AI, Pettersson CB, Fulton JL
    Published: 1992


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    Maps, remote sensing imagery, and geographic information systems (GIS) have become increasingly important in providing essential data for solving problems related to ground water contamination, water resources management, construction, land use, waste management, minerals exploration, transportation routing, and environmental site characterization. STP 1126 is a valuable resource for those who are considering using these three elements, as well as for advanced users.

    26 peer-review papers cover standardization, and applications (general technology; soil and geologic engineering; and ground water and environment). The papers, written by an interdisciplinary and international group of engineers and scientists, provide: a multidiscipline overview of applications; professional discussions and commentary on applications, including successful (as well as unsuccessful) case histories; and an understanding of needs and directions for standardization.

    For civil engineers, environmental engineers, scientists, GIS professionals, photogravmetry and remote sensing specialists, and geohydrologists. Also for land planners and policy makers using GIS.


    Table of Contents

    Overview

    What is a Geographic Information System(GIS)?

    Toward Digital Geologic Map Standards: A Progress Report

    Development of Spatial Data Guidelines and Standards: Spatial Data Set Documentation to Support Hydrologic Analysis in the U.S. Geological Survey

    An Approach to Data Exchange: The Spatial Data Transfer Standard

    Overview of the Use and Formulation of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Standards Within the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

    Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems: Image-Integrated Geographic Information Systems

    Addressing Data Standards: The Northwest Land Information Systems Network

    Geographic Information System Application Development for Utility Infrastructure Systems

    Development of a Geographic Information System in Support of the St.-Lawrence Action Plan

    Using Common Database and Spreadsheet/Plotting Programs as Inexpensive Geographic Information Systems

    An Overview of the Global Positioning System and Its Use in Geographic Information Systems

    Using USDA Soil Conservation Service County Soils Data with a Geographic Information System

    Regional Soil Loss Prediction Utilizing the RUSLE/GIS Interface

    Updating a Land-Planning Database from Landsat-5 Thematic Mapper Data

    Application of Remotely Sensed Data to Geologic Exploration Using Image Analysis and Geographic Information Systems

    Estimation of Distribution of Subsurface Soil Layers in the Mexico City Earthquake Area Based on the Database

    Use of Geographic Information Systems for Design and Construction of New Waddell Dam

    Classifying and Mapping Wetlands and Peat Resources Using Digital Cartography

    Using AutoCAD as a Desktop Geographic Information System for Hydrogeological Investigations

    Development of Ground-Water Vulnerability Database for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Hazard Ranking System Using a Geographic Information System

    Using a Geographic Information System to Manage Data from a Ground-Water Remediation Program

    Geographic Information System (GIS) Application During a Feasibility Study for a Ground-Water Model

    Use of Geographic Information System Technology for Siting a Low-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal Facility

    ITEMS: A Workbench for Environmental Data Processing and Display

    Waste Site Characterization and Prioritization Using a Geographic Information System

    Accuracy and Precision of Well Casing Surveys and Water-Level Measurements and Their Impact on Water-Level Contour Maps

    Miscellaneous

    Author Index

    Subject Index


    Committee: D18

    DOI: 10.1520/STP1126-EB

    ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5188-8

    ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-1471-5

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    0-8031-1471-0
    978-0-8031-1471-5
    STP1126-EB