STP1115

    Plants for Toxicity Assessment: Second Volume

    Gorsuch JW, Lower WR, Lewis MA, Sandhu S, Wang WW
    Published: 1991


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    Addresses the use of plants to assess the toxicity of air, water, and soil both through laboratory/greenhouse and field studies. 35 papers cover:

    • Regulatory Perspectives

    • Applications of Plant Bioassays/Photosynthesis

    • Xenobiotic Uptake by Plants

    • General Phytotoxicology

    • Biochemical and Genetic Applications

    • New Approaches


    Table of Contents

    Overview
    Gorsuch J., Lewis M., Lower W., Sandhu S., Wang W.

    Keynote Speech: A Brief Overview of Plant Toxicity Testing
    Fletcher J.

    Role of Plant Bioassays in FDA Review: Scenarios for Terrestrial Exposures
    Eirkson C., Harrass M., Nowell L.

    The Use of Soil-Based Plant Tests Based on the OECD Guidelines
    Stanley R., Tapp J., Windeatt A.

    An Inter- and Intra-Agency Survey of the Use of Plants for Toxicity Assessment
    Smith B.

    An Overview of Experimental Design
    Ritter M.

    Higher Plants (Common Duckweed, Lettuce, and Rice) for Effluent Toxicity Assessment
    Wang W.

    Testing for Pesticide Toxicity to Aquatic Plants: Recommendations for Test Species
    Freemark K., MacQuarrie P., Rickard C., Swanson S.

    Peroxidase Activity as an Indicator of Sublethal Stress in the Aquatic Plant Hydrilla Verticillata (Royle)
    Byl T., Klaine S.

    Toxicity Testing Using a Chemostat-Grown Green Alga, Selenastrum Capricornutum
    Peterson H.

    The Effect of Dissolved H2S and CO2 on Short-Term Photosynthesis of Skeletonema Costatum, a Marine Diatom
    Breteler R., Buhl R., Maki A.

    Evaluating Direct Toxicity and Food-Chain Effects in Aquatic Systems Using Natural Periphyton Communities
    Boston H., Hill W., Stewart A.

    A Seedling Chlorophyll Fluorescence Toxicity Assay
    Ireland F., Judy B., Krause G., Lower W.

    Detecting Ambient Cadmium Toxicity in an Ecosystem
    Stewart-Pinkham S.

    A Plant Bioassay for Assessing Plant Uptake of Contaminants from Freshwater Soils or Dredged Material
    Folsom B., Price R.

    A Comparative Study of the Bioconcentration and Toxicity of Chlorinated Hydrocarbons in Aquatic Macrophytes and Fish
    Gobas F., Haffner G., Lovett-Doust L.

    Track-Sprayer and Glasshouse Techniques for Terrestrial Plant Bioassays with Pesticides
    Brown R., Farmer D.

    Photoinduced Toxicity of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons to the Higher Plant Lemna Gibba L. G-3
    Dixon D., Greenberg B., Huang X.

    Characterization of Eight Soil Types Using the Selenastrum Capricornutum Bioassay
    Asfaw A., Ireland F., Judy B., Krause G., Lower W., Sutton W., Thomas M.

    The Influence of Test Length and Bacteria on the Results of Algal Bioassays with Monophenolic Acids
    Larson L.

    Ecotoxicological Assessment of Toluene and Cadmium Using Plant Cell Cultures
    Kapustka L., Reporter M., Robideaux M., Wagner J., Wickster P.

    Tissue Culture as a Method for Evaluating the Biotransformation of Xenobiotics by Plants
    Fletcher J., Wickliff C.

    Responses of Spruce Trees (Picea Abies. L. KARST) to Fumigation with Halone 1211—First Results of a Pilot Study
    Debus R., Schröder P.

    Response of Sago Pondweed, a Submerged Aquatic Macrophyte, to Herbicides in Three Laboratory Culture Systems
    Ailstock M., Fleming W., Momot J., Norman C.

    X-Ray Microanalysis and Ultrastructure of Lichens from Polluted and Unpolluted Areas
    Corradi M., Favali M., Fossati F.

    The Biochemical Basis of the Activation of Promutagens by Plant Cell Systems
    Plewa M.

    32P-Postlabeling for DNA Adduct Determination in Plants
    Ireland F., Judy B., Lower W.

    Application of a Plant Test System in the Identification of Potential Genetic Hazards at Chemical Waste Sites
    Backer L., Casto B., Gill B., Sandhu S.

    Activation of Aflatoxin B1 and Benzo(a)pyrene by Tobacco Cells in the Plant Cell/Microbe Coincubation Assay
    Gentile J., Johnson P., Robbins S.

    Identification of Aneuploidy-Inducing Agents Using the Wheat Seedling Assay
    Dhesi J., Gill B., Sandhu S.

    A Method for On-Site Evaluation of Phytotoxicity at Hazardous Waste Sites
    Kapustka L., Nwosu J., Ratsch H.

    Use of Marsh Plants for Toxicity Testing of Water and Sediment
    Brashers L., Moore J., Simon T., Walsh G., Weber D.

    A Short-Term Bioassay for Whole Plant Toxicity
    Mc Farlane C., Pfleeger T., Sherman R., Volk G.

    A New Plant Life-Cycle Bioassay for Assessment of the Effects of Toxic Chemicals Using Rapid Cycling Brassica
    Kapustka L., Nwosu J., Ratsch H., Shimabuku R., Wise C.

    Use of Plants for Toxicity Assessment of Heavy Metal Rich Industrial Effluents
    Siddaramaiah ., Somashekar R.

    Cyanophage/Host Assay for Toxicity Assessment in Water, Wastewater, Sludges, and Composts
    Kraus M.

    Author Index

    Subject Index


    Committee: E47

    Paper ID: STP1115-EB

    DOI: 10.1520/STP1115-EB

    ISBN-EB: 978-0-8031-5173-4

    ISBN-13: 978-0-8031-1422-7

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    0-8031-1422-2
    978-0-8031-1422-7
    STP1115-EB