Warnings and Instructions: One of Three Legs on Ice Hockey's Safety Stool

    Published: Jan 2009

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    Ice hockey is a fast-moving, action-packed contact sport. With any high-action sport there is a risk of serious personal injury and possibly even death. The combination of fast play, substantial contact, and high speed with good-size force, hard ice, and unyielding boards creates potential for injury. The sport has responded to these factors by controlling and setting rules for play, designing protective equipment to reduce the risk of serious personal injury or death, and providing warnings and instructions both on protective gear and through the amateur leagues and school coaching. This paper will primarily deal with this third leg of the safety stool with a primary emphasis on the warnings and instructions provided on the actual equipment and with accompany materials.


    warnings and instructions, warning habituation, safety, testing and certification, standards

    Author Information:

    Granger, Mark S.
    Morrison Mahoney LLP, Boston, Massachusetts

    Miosek, Ryan W.
    Law Clerk, Morrison Mahoney LLP, Boston, Massachusetts

    Committee/Subcommittee: F08.15

    DOI: 10.1520/STP48879S

    CrossRef ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.